Date: 18 May 2001

Non-Interactive and Information-Theoretic Secure Verifiable Secret Sharing

Abstract

It is shown how to distribute a secret to n persons such that each person can verify that he has received correct information about the secret without talking with other persons. Any k of these persons can later find the secret (1 ≤ kn), whereas fewer than k persons get no (Shannon) information about the secret. The information rate of the scheme is 1/2 and the distribution as well as the verification requires approximately 2k modular multiplications pr. bit of the secret. It is also shown how a number of persons can choose a secret “in the well” and distribute it verifiably among themselves.