Statistical, Gradient, Block and Graft Copolymers by Controlled/Living Radical Polymerizations

Volume 159 of the series Advances in Polymer Science pp 1-13


Statistical, Gradient, Block, and Graft Copolymers by Controlled/Living Radical Polymerizations

  • Kelly A. DavisAffiliated withHoward Hughes Medical Institute, University of Colorado-Boulder
  • , Krzysztof MatyjaszewskiAffiliated withCenter for Macromolecular Engineering, Department of Chemistry, Carnegie Mellon University

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This review is focused on controlled/living radical polymerization methods for the preparation of various copolymers. A brief introduction to the subject of radical polymerization, and early attempts to control it, is followed by a detailed examination of the literature on controlled/living radical copolymerizations from the mid-1990s until 2001. The topics covered include statistical/gradient, block, graft, and star copolymers, and the polymerization methods used to produce them. These copolymers were prepared using three major controlled radical methods (either nitroxide mediated polymerization, atom transfer radical polymerization, or degenerative transfer) and a combination of polymerization techniques, including transformation chemistry or the simultaneous/dual living polymerizations, to achieve the desired chain architecture or topology. An evaluation of the current state of the field is also presented.


Review Copolymer Controlled/living radical polymerization Block Graft Gradient Statistical