Towards an Improved Readability on Mobile Devices: Evaluating Adaptive Rapid Serial Visual Presentation
Purchase on Springer.com
$29.95 / €24.95 / £19.95*
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Can readability on small screens be improved by using Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP) that adapts the presentation speed to the characteristics of the text? In this paper we introduce Adaptive RSVP and also report findings from a usability evaluation where the ability to read long and short texts on a mobile device was assessed. In a balanced repeated-measurement experiment employing 16 subjects two variants of Adaptive RSVP were benchmarked against Fixed RSVP and traditional text presentation. For short texts all RSVP formats increased reading speed by 33% with no significant differences in comprehension or task load. For long texts no differences were found in reading speed or comprehension but all RSVP formats increased task load significantly. Nevertheless, Adaptive RSVP improved task load ratings for most factors compared to Fixed RSVP. Causes, implications and effects of these findings are discussed.
- Björnsson, C.H. (1968). Läsbarhet, Stockholm, Liber.
- Bruijn, O. and Spence, R. (2000). Rapid Serial Visual Presentation: A space-time trade-off in information presentation. In Proceedings of Advanced Visual Interfaces, AVI’2000.
- Castelhano, M.S. and Muter, P. (2001). Optimizing the reading of electronic text using rapid serial visual presentation. Behaviour & Information Technology, 20(4), 237–247. CrossRef
- Duchnicky, R.L. and Kolers, P.A. (1983). Readability of text scrolled on visual display terminals as a function of window size. Human Factors, 25, 683–692.
- Ericsson, T., Chincholle, D. and Goldstein, M. (2001). Both the device and the service influence WAP usability, IHM-HCI2001, Volume II, Usability in Practice by J. Vanderdonckt, A. Blandford and A. Derycke (Eds.), Short paper, 10–14 September, Lille, France, 79–85.
- Forster, K.I. (1970). Visual perception of rapidly presented word sequences of varying complexity. Percep. Psychophys. 8, 215–221.
- Goldstein, M., Sicheritz, K. and Anneroth, M. (2001). Reading from a small display using the RSVP technique. Nordic Radio Symposium, NRS01.
- Goldstein, M., Öqvist, G., Bayat-M, M., Ljungstrand, P. and Björk, S. (2001). Enhancing the reading experience: Using adaptive and sonified RSVP for reading on small displays. Proceedings of Workshop on Mobile Devices at IHM-HCI 2001, Lille, September 2001.
- Hart, S.G. and Staveland, L.E. (1988). Development of Nasa-TLX (Task Load Index): Results of empirical and theoretical research. Human Mental Workload, by P.A. Hancock and N. Meshkati (eds.). Elsevier Science Publishers, B.V.: North-Holland.
- Joula, J.F., Ward, N.J. and MacNamara, T. (1982). Visual search and reading of rapid serial presentations of letter strings, words and text. J. Exper. Psychol.: General, 111, 208–227. CrossRef
- Juola, J.F., Tiritoglu, A., and Pleunis, J. (1995). Reading text presented on a small display. Applied Ergonomics, 26, 227–229. CrossRef
- Just, M. A., and Carpenter, P. A. (1980). A theory of reading: From eye fixations to comprehension. Psychological Review, Vol. 87, No. 4, pp. 329–354. CrossRef
- Just, M.A., Carpenter, P.A. and Masson, M.E.J. (1982). What eye fixations tell us about speed-reading and skimming. (Eye-lab Technical Report) Carnegie-Mellon University.
- Kang, T.J., and Muter, P. (1989). Reading Dynamically Displayed Text. Behaviour & Information Technology, 1989, Vol. 8, No. 1, 33–42. CrossRef
- Masson, MEJ. (1983). Conceptual processing of text during skimming and rapid sequential reading. Memory and Cognition, 11: 262–274.
- McCrickard, D.S., Catrambone R. and Stasko, J.T. (2001). Evaluating Animation in the Periphery as a Mechanism for Maintaining Awareness. In proceedings of INTERACT 2001, 148–156.
- Mills, C.B. and Weldon, L.J. (1987). Reading text from computer screens. ACM Computing Surveys, Vol. 19, No. 4, ACM Press.
- Muter, P. and Maurutto, P. (1991). Reading and skimming from computer screens and books: The paperless office revisited? Behavior & Information Technology, 10, 257–266. CrossRef
- Muter, P. (1996). Interface Design and Optimization of Reading of Continuous Text. In Cognitive aspects of electronic text processing. H. van Oostendorp and S. de Mul (Eds.). Norwood, N.J.: Ablex.
- Potter, M.C. (1984). Rapid Serial Visual Presentation (RSVP): A method for studying language processing. In New Methods in Reading Comprehension Research. Kieras, D.E. and Just, M.A. (Eds.). Hillsdale, N.J.: Erlbaum.
- Rahman, T. and Muter, P. (1999). Designing an interface to optimize reading with small display windows. Human Factors, Vol. 1, No. 1, 106–117, Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. CrossRef
- Robeck, M.C. and Wallace, R.R. (1990). The Psychology of Reading: An Interdisciplinary Approach, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale, New Jersey, Second Edition.
- Tekfi, C. (1987). Readability Formulas: An Overview, Journal of Documentation 43(3) 261–73. CrossRef
- Wickens, C. D. (1992). Engineering psychology and human performance, 2nd edition, Chapter 8, Harper Collins Publishers Inc., New York.
- Öqvist, G. (2001). Adaptive Rapid Serial Visual Presentation. Master’s Thesis, Department of Linguistics, Uppsala University.
- Towards an Improved Readability on Mobile Devices: Evaluating Adaptive Rapid Serial Visual Presentation
- Book Title
- Human Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices
- Book Subtitle
- 4th International Symposium, Mobile HCI 2002 Pisa, Italy, September 18–20, 2002 Proceedings
- pp 225-240
- Print ISBN
- Online ISBN
- Series Title
- Lecture Notes in Computer Science
- Series Volume
- Series ISSN
- Springer Berlin Heidelberg
- Copyright Holder
- Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- eBook Packages
- Fabio Paternò (4)
- Editor Affiliations
- 4. ISTI, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche
- Author Affiliations
- 5. Department of Linguistics, Uppsala University, Box 527, 751 20, Uppsala, Sweden
- 6. Usability & Interaction Lab, Ericsson Research, Torshamnsgatan 23, 164 80, Kista, Sweden
To view the rest of this content please follow the download PDF link above.