Secure Human Identification Protocols

  • Nicholas J. Hopper
  • Manuel Blum
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/3-540-45682-1_4

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2248)
Cite this paper as:
Hopper N.J., Blum M. (2001) Secure Human Identification Protocols. In: Boyd C. (eds) Advances in Cryptology — ASIACRYPT 2001. ASIACRYPT 2001. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 2248. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg


One interesting and important challenge for the cryptologic community is that of providing secure authentication and identification for unassisted humans. There are a range of protocols for secure identification which require various forms of trusted hardware or software, aimed at protecting privacy and financial assets. But how do we verify our identity, securely, when we don’t have or don’t trust our smart card, palmtop, or laptop?

In this paper, we provide definitions of what we believe to be reasonable goals for secure human identification. We demonstrate that existing solutions do not meet these reasonable definitions. Finally, we provide solutions which demonstrate the feasibility of the security conditions attached to our definitions, but which are impractical for use by humans.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicholas J. Hopper
    • 1
  • Manuel Blum
    • 1
  1. 1.Computer Science DepartmentCarnegie Mellon UniversityPittsburghUSA

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