Carlsson B., Gustavsson R. (2001) The Rise and Fall of Napster - An Evolutionary Approach. In: Liu J., Yuen P.C., Li C., Ng J., Ishida T. (eds) Active Media Technology. AMT 2001. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 2252. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
The paper addresses dynamics in information ecosystems due to competition between selfish agents to get control of protectable resources. In our case study we investigate the first arms race on Internet triggered by the Napster introduction of an easy to use service for sharing files with music content among users. We set up a model for investigation of possible scenarios emerging from the Napster and Gnutella peer-to-peer tools for information sharing. We also introduce a formal model for analyzing the Napster scenario in the cases of selfish or altruistic users. The prediction provided by our model is in line with what really happened in the Napster case. The model also shows that the outcome was indeed unavoidable if we have selfish users.