Advances in Artificial Intelligence

Volume 2056 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 57-66


Combinatorial Auctions, Knapsack Problems, and Hill-Climbing Search

  • Robert C. HolteAffiliated withSchool of Information Technology and Engineering, University of Ottawa

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This paper examines the performance of hill-climbing algorithms on standard test problems for combinatorial auctions (CAs). On single-unit CAs, deterministic hill-climbers are found to perform well, and their performance can be improved significantly by randomizing them and restarting them several times, or by using them collectively. For some problems this good performance is shown to be no better than chancel; on others it is due to a well-chosen scoring function. The paper draws attention to the fact that multi-unit CAs have been studied widely under a different name: multidimensional knapsack problems (MDKP). On standard test problems for MDKP, one of the deterministic hill-climbers generates solutions that are on average 99% of the best known solutions.