Suicide as an Evolutionarily Stable Strategy

  • Steven Mascaro
  • Kevin B. Korb
  • Ann E. Nicholson
Conference paper

DOI: 10.1007/3-540-44811-X_12

Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 2159)
Cite this paper as:
Mascaro S., Korb K.B., Nicholson A.E. (2001) Suicide as an Evolutionarily Stable Strategy. In: Kelemen J., Sosík P. (eds) Advances in Artificial Life. ECAL 2001. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 2159. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg

Abstract

Ethics has traditionally been the domain of philosophers, pursuing their investigations a priori, since social experimentation is not an option. After Axelrod’s work, artificial life (ALife) methods have been applied to social simulation. Here we use an ALife simulation to pursue experiments with ethics. We use a utilitarian model for assessing what is ethical, as it offers a computationally clear means of measuring ethical value, based on the utility of outcomes. We investigate the particular action of altruistic suicide fostering the survival of others, demonstrating that suicide can be an evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS).

Keywords

Altruism artificial life ethics social simulation evolutionarily stable strategies 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven Mascaro
    • 1
  • Kevin B. Korb
    • 1
  • Ann E. Nicholson
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Computer Science and Software EngineeringMonash UniversityAustralia

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