Matsuyoshi S., Sato S., Utsuro T. (2006) Compilation of a Dictionary of Japanese Functional Expressions with Hierarchical Organization. In: Matsumoto Y., Sproat R.W., Wong KF., Zhang M. (eds) Computer Processing of Oriental Languages. Beyond the Orient: The Research Challenges Ahead. ICCPOL 2006. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 4285. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
The Japanese language has a lot of functional expressions, which consist of more than one word and behave like a single functional word. A remarkable characteristic of Japanese functional expressions is that each functional expression has many different surface forms. This paper proposes a methodology for compilation of a dictionary of Japanese functional expressions with hierarchical organization. We use a hierarchy with nine abstraction levels: the root node is a dummy node that governs all entries; a node in the first level is a headword in the dictionary; a leaf node corresponds to a surface form of a functional expression. Two or more lists of functional expressions can be integrated into this hierarchy. This hierarchy also provides a way of systematic generation of all different surface forms. We have compiled the dictionary with 292 headwords and 13,958 surface forms, which covers almost all of major functional expressions.