Cellular Automata

Volume 4173 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 492-501

Social Distances Model of Pedestrian Dynamics

  • Jarosław WąsAffiliated withInstitute of Automatics
  • , Bartłomiej GudowskiAffiliated withInstitute of Automatics
  • , Paweł J. MatuszykAffiliated withDepartment of Modelling and Information Technology, AGH University of Sciences and Technology

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


The knowledge of phenomena connected with pedestrian dynamics is desired in the process of developing public facilities. Nowadays, there is a necessity of creating various models which take into consideration the microscopic scale of simulation. The presented model describes pedestrian dynamics in a certain limited area in the framework of inhomogeneous, asynchronous Cellular Automata. The pedestrians are represented by ellipses on a square lattice, which implies the necessity of taking into account some geometrical constraints for each cell. An innovative idea of social distances is introduced into the model — dynamics in the model is influenced by the rules of proxemics. As an example, the authors present a simulation of pedestrian behavior in a tram.