Cellular Automata

Volume 4173 of the series Lecture Notes in Computer Science pp 492-501

Social Distances Model of Pedestrian Dynamics

  • Jarosław WąsAffiliated withLancaster UniversityInstitute of Automatics
  • , Bartłomiej GudowskiAffiliated withLancaster UniversityInstitute of Automatics
  • , Paweł J. MatuszykAffiliated withCarnegie Mellon UniversityDepartment of Modelling and Information Technology, AGH University of Sciences and Technology

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The knowledge of phenomena connected with pedestrian dynamics is desired in the process of developing public facilities. Nowadays, there is a necessity of creating various models which take into consideration the microscopic scale of simulation. The presented model describes pedestrian dynamics in a certain limited area in the framework of inhomogeneous, asynchronous Cellular Automata. The pedestrians are represented by ellipses on a square lattice, which implies the necessity of taking into account some geometrical constraints for each cell. An innovative idea of social distances is introduced into the model — dynamics in the model is influenced by the rules of proxemics. As an example, the authors present a simulation of pedestrian behavior in a tram.