Fault-Tolerance Threshold for a Distance-Three Quantum Code
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- Reichardt B.W. (2006) Fault-Tolerance Threshold for a Distance-Three Quantum Code. In: Bugliesi M., Preneel B., Sassone V., Wegener I. (eds) Automata, Languages and Programming. ICALP 2006. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 4051. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
The quantum error threshold is the highest (model-dependent) noise rate which we can tolerate and still quantum-compute to arbitrary accuracy. Although noise thresholds are frequently estimated for the Steane seven-qubit, distance-three quantum code, there has been no proof that a constant threshold even exists for distance-three codes. We prove the existence of a constant threshold. The proven threshold is well below estimates, based on simulations and analytic models, of the true threshold, but at least it is now known to be positive.
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