Playing “Air Instruments”: Mimicry of Sound-Producing Gestures by Novices and Experts

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Abstract

Both musicians and non-musicians can often be seen making sound-producing gestures in the air without touching any real instruments. Such “air playing” can be regarded as an expression of how people perceive and imagine music, and studying the relationships between these gestures and sound might contribute to our knowledge of how gestures help structure our experience of music.