Tree Automata and XPath on Compressed Trees

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The complexity of various membership problems for tree automata on compressed trees is analyzed. Two compressed representations are considered: dags, which allow to share identical subtrees in a tree, and straight-line context-free tree grammars, which moreover allow to share identical intermediate parts of a tree. Several completeness results for the classes NL, P, and PSPACE are obtained. Finally, the complexity of the XPath evaluation problem on trees that are compressed via straight-line context-free tree grammars is investigated.