Bootstrapping Ontology Alignment Methods with APFEL
- Cite this paper as:
- Ehrig M., Staab S., Sure Y. (2005) Bootstrapping Ontology Alignment Methods with APFEL. In: Gil Y., Motta E., Benjamins V.R., Musen M.A. (eds) The Semantic Web – ISWC 2005. ISWC 2005. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 3729. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
Ontology alignment is a prerequisite in order to allow for interoperation between different ontologies and many alignment strategies have been proposed to facilitate the alignment task by (semi-)automatic means. Due to the complexity of the alignment task, manually defined methods for (semi-)automatic alignment rarely constitute an optimal configuration of substrategies from which they have been built. In fact, scrutinizing current ontology alignment methods, one may recognize that most are not optimized for given ontologies. Some few include machine learning for automating the task, but their optimization by machine learning means is mostly restricted to the extensional definition of ontology concepts. With APFEL (Alignment Process Feature Estimation and Learning) we present a machine learning approach that explores the user validation of initial alignments for optimizing alignment methods. The methods are based on extensional and intensional ontology definitions. Core to APFEL is the idea of a generic alignment process, the steps of which may be represented explicitly. APFEL then generates new hypotheses for what might be useful features and similarity assessments and weights them by machine learning approaches. APFEL compares favorably in our experiments to competing approaches.