Ant-Based Data Traffic Splitting for Application-Based Routing

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Abstract

This conceptual paper presents the Ant-based Data Traffic Splitting (ADTS) that uses self-organizing nodes with peer-to-peer properties. ADTS is an addition to the conventional ant-based routing, which belongs to the new defined application-based routing class, whose prime importance is showed by this paper, too. The publication transforms latest biological test results by Dirk Helbing et al. [1] into the field of computer science: If a main path of walking ants is narrowed, natural ants will chose a second path on a given fork. Therefore, if no transmission capacity is available, ADTS nodes will split the data traffic autonomously. Local algorithms realize an interaction of a node only with its direct neighbors inside an ADTS system; this new approach facilitates the organization of large distributed networks. ADTS offers an opportunity to increase the data throughput in nets by automatic path splitting, too. ADTS is divided into two variants, which this paper shortly describes: the Preventive ADTS (PADTS) and the Stream-oriented ADTS (SADTS).