Book Volume 40 2015

New Perspectives on the History of Life Sciences and Agriculture

Editors:

ISBN: 978-3-319-12184-0 (Print) 978-3-319-12185-7 (Online)

Table of contents (23 chapters)

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  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-vii

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    Chapter

    Pages 1-8

    Introduction

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    Chapter

    Pages 9-26

    Plants and Places: Agricultural Knowledge and Plant Geography in Germany, 1750–1810

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    Chapter

    Pages 27-52

    Drawing the Line: Mapping Cultivated Plants and Seeing Nature in Nineteenth-Century Plant Geography

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    Chapter

    Pages 53-72

    Rose and Pear Breeding in Nineteenth-Century France: The Practice and Science of Diversity

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    Chapter

    Pages 73-91

    Napoleonic Cotton Cultivation: A Case Study in Scientific Expertise and Agricultural Innovation in France and Italy, 1806–1814

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    Chapter

    Pages 93-111

    Whale Oil Pesticide: Natural History, Animal Resources, and Agriculture in Early Modern Japan

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    Chapter

    Pages 113-137

    Forests, Climate, and the Rise of Scientific Forestry in Russia: From Local Knowledge and Natural History to Modern Experiments (1840s–early 1890s)

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    Chapter

    Pages 139-162

    The Rise of Applied Entomology in the Russian Empire: Governmental, Public, and Academic Responses to Insect Pest Outbreaks from 1840 to 1894

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    Chapter

    Pages 163-181

    Nutrition Science and the Practice of Animal Feeding in Germany, 1850–1880

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    Chapter

    Pages 183-203

    Artificial or Biological? Nature, Fertilizer, and the German Origins of Organic Agriculture

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    Chapter

    Pages 205-229

    Science, Promotion, and Scandal: Soil Bacteriology, Legume Inoculation, and the American Campaign for Soil Improvement in the Progressive Era

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    Chapter

    Pages 231-252

    Mold Cultures: Traditional Industry and Microbial Studies in Early Twentieth-Century Japan

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    Chapter

    Pages 253-275

    The Coproduction of Station Morphology and Agricultural Management in the Tropics: Transformations in Botany at the Botanical Garden at Buitenzorg, Java 1880–1904

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    Chapter

    Pages 277-296

    Regionalizing Knowledge: The Ecological Approach of the USDA Office of Dryland Agriculture on the Great Plains

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    Chapter

    Pages 297-322

    Rexford F. Daubenmire and the Ecology of Place: Applied Ecology in the Mid-Twentieth-Century American West

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    Chapter

    Pages 323-344

    Agricultural Improvement at China’s First Agricultural Experiment Stations

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    Chapter

    Pages 345-370

    Did Mendelism Transform Plant Breeding? Genetic Theory and Breeding Practice, 1900–1945

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    Chapter

    Pages 371-393

    Chicken Breeding: The Complex Transition from Traditional to Genetic Methods in the USA

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    Chapter

    Pages 395-413

    Breeding Better Peas, Pumpkins, and Peasants: The Practical Mendelism of Erich Tschermak

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    Chapter

    Pages 415-437

    More than Metamorphosis: The Silkworm Experiments of Toyama Kametarō and his Cultivation of Genetic Thought in Japan’s Sericultural Practices, 1894–1918

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