Volume 177 2005

A History of Atmospheric CO2 and Its Effects on Plants, Animals, and Ecosystems

ISBN: 978-0-387-22069-7 (Print) 978-0-387-27048-7 (Online)

Table of contents (22 chapters)

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  1. The Atmospheric CO2 Record

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      Pages 1-7

      The Rise of Trees and How They Changed Paleozoic Atmospheric CO2, Climate, and Geology

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      Pages 8-34

      Atmospheric CO2 During the Late Paleozoic and Mesozoic: Estimates from Indian Soils

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      Pages 35-61

      Alkenone-Based Estimates of Past CO2 Levels: A Consideration of Their Utility Based on an Analysis of Uncertainties

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      Pages 62-82

      Atmospheric CO2 Data from Ice Cores: Four Climatic Cycles

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      Pages 83-113

      Atmospheric CO2 and 13CO2 Exchange with the Terrestrial Biosphere and Oceans from 1978 to 2000: Observations and Carbon Cycle Implications

  2. Biotic Responses to Long-Term Changes in Atmospheric CO2

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      Pages 114-132

      Evolutionary Responses of Land Plants to Atmospheric CO2

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      Pages 133-165

      Cretaceous CO2 Decline and the Radiation and Diversification of Angiosperms

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      Pages 166-184

      Influence of Uplift, Weathering, and Base Cation Supply on Past and Future CO2 Levels

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      Pages 185-213

      Atmospheric CO2, Environmental Stress, and the Evolution of C4 Photosynthesis

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      Pages 214-231

      The Influence of Atmospheric CO2, Temperature, and Water on the Abundance of C3/C4 Taxa

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      Pages 232-257

      Evolution and Growth of Plants in a Low CO2 World

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      Pages 258-272

      Environmentally Driven Dietary Adaptations in African Mammals

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      Pages 273-292

      Terrestrial Mammalian Herbivore Response to Declining Levels of Atmospheric CO2 During the Cenozoic: Evidence from North American Fossil Horses (Family Equidae)

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      Pages 293-328

      CO2, Grasses, and Human Evolution

  3. Atmospheric CO2 and Modern Ecosystems

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      Pages 329-349

      The Carbon Cycle over the Past 1000 Years Inferred from the Inversion of Ice Core Data

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      Pages 350-368

      Remembrance of Weather Past: Ecosystem Responses to Climate Variability

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      Pages 369-393

      Effects of Elevated CO2 on Keystone Herbivores in Modern Arctic Ecosystems

  4. Ecosystem Responses to a Future Atmospheric CO2

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      Pages 394-414

      Modern and Future Forests in a Changing Atmosphere

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      Pages 415-440

      Modern and Future Semi-Arid and Arid Ecosystems

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      Pages 441-467

      Effects of CO2 on Plants at Different Timescales

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