Volume 180 2005

Plant Ecology, Herbivory, and Human Impact in Nordic Mountain Birch Forests

ISBN: 978-3-540-22909-4 (Print) 978-3-540-26595-5 (Online)

Table of contents (25 chapters)

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  1. History, Environment and Plant Science

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      Pages 3-18

      History and Environment of the Nordic Mountain Birch

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      Pages 19-33

      Soils and Nutrients in Northern Mountain Birch Forests: A Case Study from Finnmarksvidda, Northern Norway

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      Pages 35-52

      Vegetation of the Mountain Birch Forest in Northern Fennoscandia

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      Pages 53-70

      Biomass and Production on a Landscape Level in the Mountain Birch Forests

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      Pages 71-86

      Mountain Birch Growth in Relation to Climate and Herbivores

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      Pages 87-98

      Effects of Temperature Changes on Survival and Growth in Mountain Birch Populations

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      Pages 99-115

      Phenology and Performance of Mountain Birch Provenances in Transplant Gardens: Latitudinal, Altitudinal and Oceanity-Continentality Gradients

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      Pages 117-122

      Synthesis Section 1: A Dynamic Forest in a Changing Environment

  2. Herbivory

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      Pages 125-138

      Forest Defoliation Risks in Birch Forest by Insects Under Different Climate and Land Use Scenarios in Northern Europe

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      Pages 139-155

      Birch Sapling Responses to Severity and Timing of Domestic Herbivore Browsing — Implications for Management

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      Pages 157-164

      Effects of Reindeer Grazing on Pastures - A Necessary Basis for Sustainable Reindeer Herding

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      Pages 165-181

      Long-Term Influence of Herbivores on Northern Birch Forests

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      Pages 183-189

      Synthesis Section 2: Herbivory in Northern Birch Forests

  3. Human Impact

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      Pages 193-202

      Rates and Processes of Natural Regeneration in Disturbed Habitats

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      Pages 203-217

      Recreation at Tree Line and Interactions with Other Land-Use Activities

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      Pages 219-233

      Economic Limits and Possibilities for Sustainable Utilization of Northern Birch Forests

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      Pages 235-253

      The Vegetation Changes and Recent Impact on the Mountain Birch Forest During the Last 40 Years

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      Pages 255-268

      Sámi Approaches to Mountain Birch Utilization in Northern Sápmi (Finland and Norway)

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      Pages 269-273

      Sustainable Reindeer Herding in Mountain Birch Ecosystem

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      Pages 275-280

      Competition Over Nature, Space, Resources and Management in the Mountain Birch Forest Ecosystem in Northernmost Fennoscandia: A Synthesis

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