Models of Discovery

And Other Topics in the Methods of Science

Authors:

ISBN: 978-90-277-0970-7 (Print) 978-94-010-9521-1 (Online)

Table of contents (26 chapters)

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  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xix

  2. Testing Theories of Empirical Phenomena

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 1-6

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 7-13

      Symmetric Tests of the Hypothesis that the Mean of One Normal Population Exceeds That of Another

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 14-19

      Statistical Tests as a Basis for ‘Yes—No’ Choices

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 20-24

      Prediction and Hindsight as Confirmatory Evidence

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 25-45

      On Judging the Plausibility of Theories

  3. Causes and Possible Worlds

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 47-52

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 53-80

      Causal Ordering and Identifiability

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 81-92

      On the Definition of the Causal Relation

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 93-106

      Spurious Correlation: A Causal Interpretation

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 107-131

      Cause and Counterfactual

  4. The Logic of Imperatives

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 133-136

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 137-153

      The Logic of Rational Decision

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 154-175

      The Logic of Heuristic Decision Making

  5. Complexity

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 177-181

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 182-182

      Theory of Automata: Discussion

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 183-213

      Aggregation of Variables in Dynamic Systems

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 214-244

      The Theory of Problem Solving

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 245-261

      The Organization of Complex Systems

  6. Theory of Scientific Discovery

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 263-267

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 268-285

      Thinking by Computers

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 286-303

      Scientific Discovery and the Psychology of Problem Solving

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 304-325

      The Structure of Ill-Structured Problems

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 326-337

      Does Scientific Discovery Have a Logic?

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 338-341

      Discussion: The Meno Paradox

  7. Formalizing Scientific Theories

    1. Front Matter

      Pages 343-348

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 349-369

      The Axioms of Newtonian Mechanics

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