Transport and Reactivity of Solutions in Confined Hydrosystems

  • Lionel Mercury
  • Niels Tas
  • Michael Zilberbrand
Conference proceedings

DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7534-3

Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Table of contents

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xvii
  2. Flow, from Nano- to Mega-Scale

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 15-17
    2. Seul Ki Youn, Jakob Buchheim, Hyung Gyu Park
      Pages 19-27
    3. Niels Tas, Nataliya Brunets, Joost W. van Honschoten, Jeroen Haneveld, Henri V. Jansen
      Pages 29-41
    4. Shmuel Assouline, Kfir Narkis, Stéphanie Veran-Tissoires, Manuel Marcoux, Marc Prat
      Pages 67-76
  3. Ions, Hydration, and Transport

  4. In-Pores/Channels Cavitation

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 127-130
    2. Daniel S. van Schoot, Kjeld G. H. Janssen, Niels R. Tas, Thomas Hankemeier, Jan C. T. Eijkel
      Pages 141-150
    3. Teemu Hölttä, John Sperry
      Pages 173-181
  5. Crystallization Under Confinement

    1. Front Matter
      Pages 183-185

About these proceedings

Introduction

The present work reflects a multi-disciplinary effort to address the topic of confined hydrosystems developed with a cross-fertilization panel of physics, chemists, biologists, soil and earth scientists. Confined hydrosystems include all situations in natural settings wherein the extent of the liquid phase is limited so that the solid-liquid and/or liquid-air interfaces may be critical to the properties of the whole system. Primarily, this so-called “residual” solution is occluded in pores/channels in such a way that decreases its tendency to evaporation, and makes it long-lasting in arid (Earth deserts) and hyper-arid (Mars soils) areas. The associated physics is available from domains like capillarity, adsorption and wetting, and surface forces. However, many processes are still to understand due to the close relationship between local structure and matter properties, the subtle interplay between the host and the guest, the complex intermingling among static reactivity and migration pathway.

Expert contributors from Israel, Russia, Europe and US discuss the behaviour of water and aqueous solutes at different scale, from the nanometric range of carbon nanotubes and nanofluidics to the regional scale of aquifers reactive flow in sedimentary basins. This scientific scope allowed the group of participants with very different background to tackle the confinement topic at different scales. The book is organized according to four sections that include: i) flow, from nano- to mega-scale; ii) ions, hydration and transport; iii) in-pores/channels cavitation; iv) crystallization under confinement. Most of contributions relates to experimental works at different resolution, interpreted through classic thermodynamics and intermolecular forces. Simulation techniques are used to explore the atomic scale of interfaces and the migration in the thinnest angstrom-wide channels.

Keywords

Capillarity, cavitation and superheating Reactive transfer in heterogeneous hydrosystems confinement micro- and nano-fluidics

Editors and affiliations

  • Lionel Mercury
    • 1
  • Niels Tas
    • 2
  • Michael Zilberbrand
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute of Earth SciencesUniversity of OrléansOrléansFrance
  2. 2.Department of Transducers Science and Technology, MESA+ Institute for NanotechnologyUniversity of TwenteEnschedeThe Netherlands
  3. 3.The Hydrological Service; Research DivisionIsraeli Water AuthorityJerusalemIsrael

Bibliographic information

  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-94-007-7533-6
  • Online ISBN 978-94-007-7534-3
  • Series Print ISSN 1874-6519
  • Series Online ISSN 1874-6543