Disposal of Dangerous Chemicals in Urban Areas and Mega Cities

Role of Oxides and Acids of Nitrogen in Atmospheric Chemistry

  • Ian Barnes
  • Krzysztof J. Rudziński
Conference proceedings

DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-5034-0

Part of the NATO Science for Peace and Security Series C: Environmental Security book series (NAPSC)

Table of contents (26 papers)

  1. Front Matter
    Pages i-xv
  2. Jochen Stutz, Kam Weng Wong, Catalina Tsai
    Pages 1-14
  3. Jörg Kleffmann, Guillermo Villena Tapia, Iustinian Bejan, Ralf Kurtenbach, Peter Wiesen
    Pages 15-28
  4. Mila Ródenas, Amalia Muñoz, Francisco Alacreu, Theo Brauers, Hans-Peter Dorn, Jörg Kleffmann et al.
    Pages 45-58
  5. Damien Amedro, Alexander E. Parker, Coralie Schoemaecker, Chaithanya Jain, Pranay Morajkar, Paul S. Monks et al.
    Pages 77-92
  6. Timothy J. Wallington, John R. Barker, Lam Nguyen
    Pages 101-113
  7. Bernhard Vogel, Heike Vogel
    Pages 115-124
  8. Steven S. Brown, Nicholas L. Wagner, William P. Dubé, James M. Roberts
    Pages 125-138
  9. Rashid A. Khaydarov, Renat R. Khaydarov, Olga Gapurova, N. K. Nasirova
    Pages 139-150
  10. William J. Bloss, M. S. Alam, A. R. Rickard, M. Camredon, K. P. Wyche, T. Carr et al.
    Pages 151-162
  11. Yury Timofeyev, Dmitry Ionov, Maria Makarova, Yana Virolainen, Anatoly Poberovsky, Alexander Polyakov et al.
    Pages 173-184
  12. Magda Claeys, Rafal Szmigielski, Reinhilde Vermeylen, Wu Wang, Mohammad Safi Shalamzari, Willy Maenhaut
    Pages 227-238
  13. Valerie Derpmann, Iustinian Bejan, Hendrik Kersten, Klaus J. Brockmann, Ian Barnes, Jörg Kleffmann et al.
    Pages 239-248

About these proceedings

Introduction

Oxides and acids of nitrogen play an important role in regulating atmospheric radical levels, in particular, that of the OH radical the main initiator of the degradation of chemicals in the atmosphere. A comprehensive overview on the methods used to measure nitrogen oxides and acids in the troposphere is given and difficulties and artefacts associated with the use of the techniques for measurements in urban and mega city environments is illustrated. State-of-the-art methods for the measurement of OH and HO2 radicals are reviewed and recently recognised difficulties, in particular with the measurement of HO2 radicals, are highlighted.

Other contributions to the book cover our present understanding of the gas, aqueous and particulate/aerosol phase atmospheric degradation chemistry of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) under NOx conditions typical of rural, urban and mega city environments. Examples of measurements of NOx and VOCs in the atmospheres of these environments are given, in particular for the megacities Cairo and Beijing, in conjunction with modelling studies which attempt to simulate the field observations using state-of-the art knowledge on the chemistry of the VOCs and radical levels.

 

Keywords

Atmospheric OH radical levels Measurement of nitrous acid NOx in the atmosphere Pollution in mega cities

Editors and affiliations

  • Ian Barnes
    • 1
  • Krzysztof J. Rudziński
    • 2
  1. 1.FB C Mathematik / Naturwissenschaften, FG Physikalische ChemieBergische Universität WuppertalWuppertalGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Physical Chemistry PASWarsawPoland

Bibliographic information

  • Copyright Information Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013
  • Publisher Name Springer, Dordrecht
  • eBook Packages Earth and Environmental Science
  • Print ISBN 978-94-007-5033-3
  • Online ISBN 978-94-007-5034-0
  • Series Print ISSN 1874-6519
  • Series Online ISSN 1874-6543