2009

Sika Deer

Biology and Management of Native and Introduced Populations

ISBN: 978-4-431-09428-9 (Print) 978-4-431-09429-6 (Online)

Table of contents (43 chapters)

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  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xx

  2. Basic Biology

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      Pages 1-8

      Introduction

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      Pages 11-25

      Fossil Record of Sika Deer in Japan

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      Pages 27-41

      Two Genetically Distinct Lineages of the Japanese Sika Deer Based on Mitochondrial Control Regions

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      Pages 43-59

      Evolutionary Significance of Admixture and Fragmentation of Sika Deer Populations in Japan

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      Pages 61-82

      Nutritional Physiology of Wild and Domesticated Japanese Sika Deer

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      Pages 83-99

      Endocrinology of Sika Deer

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      Pages 101-110

      Reproduction of Female Sika Deer in Japan, with Special Reference to Kinkazan Island, Northern Japan

  3. Food and Habitat Relations

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      Pages 113-123

      Food Habits of Sika Deer on Kinkazan Island, Northern Japan with Reference to Local Variations, Size Effects, and Comparison with the Main Island

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      Pages 125-143

      Plants and Plant Communities on Kinkazan Island, Northern Japan, in Relation to Sika Deer Herbivory

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      Pages 145-157

      Productivity and Foraging Efficiency of the Short-Grass (Zoysia japonica) Community for Sika Deer

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      Pages 159-170

      Home Range, Habitat Selection, and Food Habits of the Sika Deer Using the Short-Grass Community on Kinkazan Island, Northern Japan

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      Pages 171-180

      Shift to Litterfall as Year-Round Forage for Sika Deer after a Population Crash

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      Pages 181-191

      The Dynamics of Forest Stands Affected by Sika Deer on Nakanoshima Island—Change of Size Structure Similar to the Thinning Effect

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      Pages 193-205

      Biology of Sika Deer in Hyogo: Characteristics of Reproduction, Food Habits, Growth, and Condition

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      Pages 207-216

      Bark-Stripping Preference of Sika Deer and Its Seasonality on Mt. Ohdaigahara, Central Japan

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      Pages 217-230

      North-South Variations in Sika Deer Ecology as a Forest-Dwelling Cervid

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      Pages 231-237

      Geographical Variations in Food Habits of Sika Deer: The Northern Grazer vs. the Southern Browser

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      Pages 239-247

      What Is “Natural” Vegetation? A Reconsideration of Herbivory by Wild Ungulates

  4. Behavior: Migration and Breeding Systems

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      Pages 251-272

      Seasonal Migration of Sika Deer on Hokkaido Island, Japan

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      Pages 273-283

      Migratory and Sedentary Behavior Patterns of Sika Deer in Honshu and Kyushu, Japan

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