2009

Atmospheric Ammonia

Detecting emission changes and environmental impacts

Editors:

ISBN: 978-1-4020-9120-9 (Print) 978-1-4020-9121-6 (Online)

Table of contents (28 chapters)

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  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xxiii

  2. Ammonia Critical Thresholds

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 1-11

      Introduction

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 15-40

      Reassessment of Critical Levels for Atmospheric Ammonia

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 41-48

      Potential for the Further Development and Application of Critical Levels to Assess the Environmental Impacts of Ammonia

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 49-58

      Long-Term Cumulative Exposure Exacerbates the Effects of Atmospheric Ammonia on an Ombrotrophic Bog: Implications for Critical Levels

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 59-69

      The Application of Transects to Assess the Effects of Ammonia on Woodland Groundflora

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 71-86

      Estimation of the Ammonia Critical Level for Epiphytic Lichens Based on Observations at Farm, Landscape and National Scales

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 87-92

      Mapping Ammonia Emissions and Concentrations for Switzerland — Effects on Lichen Vegetation

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 93-99

      Over Which Averaging Period is the Ammonia Critical Level Most Precautionary?

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 101-108

      Macrolichens on Twigs and Trunks as Indicators of Ammonia Concentrations Across the UK — a Practical Method

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 109-119

      Assessment of Critical Levels of Atmospheric Ammonia for Lichen Diversity in Cork-Oak Woodland, Portugal

  3. Temporal Trends in Atmospheric Ammonia

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 123-180

      Linking Ammonia Emission Trends to Measured Concentrations and Deposition of Reduced Nitrogen at Different Scales

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 181-185

      Long-Term Record (1981—2005) of Ammonia and Ammonium Concentrations at K-Puszta Hungary and the Effect of Sulphur Dioxide Emission Change on Measured and Modelled Concentrations

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 187-194

      Assessment of Ammonia and Ammonium Trends and Relationship to Critical Levels in the UK National Ammonia Monitoring Network (NAMN)

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 195-202

      Review of Published Studies Estimating the Abatement Efficacy of Reduced-Emission Slurry Spreading Techniques

  4. Analysis of Ammonia Hotspots

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 205-267

      Ammonia Deposition Near Hot Spots: Processes, Models and Monitoring Methods

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 269-279

      Standardised Grasses as Biomonitors of Ammonia Pollution Around Agricultural Point Sources

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 281-289

      Soluble Ammonium in Plants as a Bioindicator for Atmospheric Nitrogen Deposition: Refinement and Testing of a Practical Method

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 291-298

      Spatial Planning as a Complementary Tool to Abate the Effects of Atmospheric Ammonia Deposition at the Landscape Scale

  5. Regional Modelling of Atmospheric Ammonia

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 301-358

      Modelling of the Atmospheric Transport and Deposition of Ammonia at a National and Regional Scale

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      Book Chapter

      Pages 359-366

      Application of a Lagrangian Model FRAME to Estimate Reduced Nitrogen Deposition and Ammonia Concentrations in Poland

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