Climate Variability and Extremes during the Past 100 Years

ISBN: 978-1-4020-6765-5 (Print) 978-1-4020-6766-2 (Online)

Table of contents (24 chapters)

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  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-xv

  2. The Observational Climate Record

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      Pages 1-25

      A Focus on Climate During the Past 100 Years

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      Pages 29-45

      From the Bottom to the Stratosphere Arctic Climate Features as Seen from the First International Polar Year (1882–1883) Until the End of World War II

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      Pages 47-63

      Arctic Sea Ice Data Sets in the Context of Climate Change During the 20th Century

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      Pages 65-83

      The Evolving SST Record from ICOADS

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      Pages 85-101

      Upper-air Temperature Trends: Current Problems and Some Recent Results

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      Pages 103-117

      Atmospheric Reanalyses and Climate Variations

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      Pages 119-128

      Constructing Climate Quality Atmospheric Temperatures from Satellite Microwave Measurements

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      Pages 129-140

      Total Ozone Observations During the Past 80 Years

  3. Climate Trends: Forcings and Processes

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      Pages 143-154

      Arctic Sea Ice Variability During the Last Half Century

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      Pages 155-167

      Decadal Changes in Surface Radiative Fluxes and Their Role in Global Climate Change

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      Pages 169-178

      Observed Interdecadal Changes in Cloudiness: Real or Spurious?

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      Pages 179-193

      The Role of Land-Atmosphere Interactions for Climate Variability in Europe

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      Pages 195-206

      Aerosol Effects on Precipitation Locally and Globally

  4. Climate Variability and Extremes

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      Pages 209-220

      Human Activity and Climate Change in Africa

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      Pages 221-233

      Impacts of Climate Variability, Trends and NAO on 20th Century European Plant Phenology

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      Pages 235-250

      Summer Heat Waves in Western Europe, Their Past Change and Future Projections

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      Pages 251-267

      Distribution Changes of Seasonal Mean Temperature in Observations and Climate Change Scenarios

  5. Chemical Changes and the Variability of the Stratosphere

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      Pages 271-282

      Long-term Tropospheric Ozone Trends: A Critical Review

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      Pages 283-291

      Simulation of Long-term Evolution of Stratospheric Dynamics and Chemistry: Role of Natural and Anthropogenic Forcings

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      Pages 293-301

      Dynamical Changes in the Arctic and Antarctic Stratosphere During Spring

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