Human Origins and Environmental Backgrounds

ISBN: 978-0-387-29638-8 (Print) 978-0-387-29798-9 (Online)

Table of contents (20 chapters)

  1. Front Matter

    Pages i-ix

  2. Hidemi Ishida: 40 Years of Footprints in Japanese Primatology and Paleoanthropology

    1. Chapter

      Pages 1-14

      Hidemi Ishida: 40 Years of Footprints in Japanese Primatology and Paleoanthropology

  3. Fossil Hominoids and Paleoenvironments

    1. Chapter

      Pages 15-29

      Seven Decades of East African Miocene Anthropoid Studies

    2. Chapter

      Pages 31-43

      Evolution of the Vertebral Column in Miocene Hominoids and Plio-Pleistocene Hominids

    3. Chapter

      Pages 45-58

      Terrestriality in a Middle Miocene Context: Victoriapithecus from Maboko, Kenya

    4. Chapter

      Pages 59-70

      Late Cenozoic Mammalian Biostratigraphy And Faunal Change

    5. Chapter

      Pages 71-96

      The Ages and Geological Backgrounds of Miocene Hominoids Nacholapithecus, Samburupithecus, and Orrorin from Kenya

  4. Functional Morphology

    1. Chapter

      Pages 97-104

      Patterns of Vertical Climbing in Primates

    2. Chapter

      Pages 105-122

      Functional Morphology of the Midcarpal Joint in Knuckle-Walkers and Terrestrial Quadrupeds

    3. Chapter

      Pages 123-133

      Morphological Adaptation of Rat Femora to Different Mechanical Environments

    4. Chapter

      Pages 135-148

      A Hallmark of Humankind: The Gluteus Maximus Muscle

    5. Chapter

      Pages 149-155

      Primates Trained for Bipedal Locomotion as a Model for Studying the Evolution of Bipedal Locomotion

    6. Chapter

      Pages 157-166

      Locomotor Energetics in Nonhuman Primates

    7. Chapter

      Pages 167-174

      Computer Simulation of Bipedal Locomotion

  5. Theoretical Approaches

    1. Chapter

      Pages 175-198

      Paleoenvironments, Paleoecology, Adaptations, and the Origins of Bipedalism in Hominidae

    2. Chapter

      Pages 199-208

      Arboreal Origin of Bipedalism

    3. Chapter

      Pages 209-223

      Neontological Perspectives on East African Middle and Late Miocene Anthropoidea

    4. Chapter

      Pages 225-233

      The Prehominid Locomotion Reflected: Energetics, Muscles, and Generalized Bipeds

    5. Chapter

      Pages 235-248

      Evolution of the Social Structure of Hominoids

    6. Chapter

      Pages 249-258

      Are Human Beings Apes, or are Apes People too?

    7. Chapter

      Pages 259-266

      Current Thoughts on Terrestrialization in African Apes and the Origin of Human Bipedalism

  6. Back Matter

    Pages 267-281