Brief Reports

Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 561-565

Extrafoveal processing of objects in a naming task: Evidence from word probe experiments

  • Jane L. MorganAffiliated withPsychology Group, Faculty of Development and Society, Sheffield Hallam University Email author 
  • , Gijs van ElswijkAffiliated withRadboud University Medical Centre
  • , Antje S. MeyerAffiliated withUniversity of Birmingham


In two experiments, we investigated the processing of extrafoveal objects in a double-object naming task. On most trials, participants named two objects; but on some trials, the objects were replaced shortly after trial onset by a written word probe, which participants had to name instead of the objects. In Experiment 1, the word was presented in the same location as the left object either 150 or 350 msec after trial onset and was either phonologically related or unrelated to that object name. Phonological facilitation was observed at the later but not at the earlier SOA. In Experiment 2, the word was either phonologically related or unrelated to the right object and was presented 150 msec after the speaker had begun to inspect that object. In contrast with Experiment 1, phonological facilitation was found at this early SOA, demonstrating that the speakers had begun to process the right object prior to fixation.