Can the survival recall advantage be explained by basic memory processes?
Received: 26 November 2007 Accepted: 22 January 2008 DOI:
10.3758/MC.36.5.913 Cite this article as: Weinstein, Y., Bugg, J.M. & Roediger, H.L. Memory & Cognition (2008) 36: 913. doi:10.3758/MC.36.5.913 Abstract
Nairne, Thompson, and Pandeirada (2007) demonstrated a striking phenomenon: Words rated for relevance to a grasslands survival scenario were remembered better than identical words encoded under other deep processing conditions. Having replicated this effect using a novel set of words (Experiment 1), we contrasted the schematic processing and evolutionary accounts of the recall advantage (Experiment 2). Inconsistent with the schematic processing account, the grasslands survival scenario produced better recall than did a city survival scenario requiring comparable schematic processing. Recall in the grasslands scenario was unaffected by a self-reference manipulation. The findings are consistent with an evolutionary account that attributes the recall advantage to adaptive memory biases.
This research was partially supported by BBSRC Studentship 07322/-101970 and a generous grant from the Bogue Fellowship, University College London. J.M.B. was supported by National Institute on Aging Grant 5T32AG00030 during the writing of this article.
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