Learning & Behavior

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 220–234

Evidence for social learning in wild lemurs (Lemur catta)

Authors

    • Centre for the Coevolution of Biology and Culture, Department of AnthropologyDurham University
  • Deborah M. Custance
    • GoldsmithsUniversity of London
  • Jeremy R. Kendal
    • Centre for the Coevolution of Biology and Culture, Department of AnthropologyDurham University
  • Gillian Vale
    • Centre for the Coevolution of Biology and Culture, Department of AnthropologyDurham University
  • Tara S. Stoinski
    • Zoo Atlanta
  • Nirina Lalaina Rakotomalala
    • University of Antananarivo
  • Hantanirina Rasamimanana
    • University of Antananarivo
Articles

DOI: 10.3758/LB.38.3.220

Cite this article as:
Kendal, R.L., Custance, D.M., Kendal, J.R. et al. Learning & Behavior (2010) 38: 220. doi:10.3758/LB.38.3.220
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Abstract

Interest in social learning has been fueled by claims of culture in wild animals. These remain controversial because alternative explanations to social learning, such as asocial learning or ecological differences, remain difficult to refute. Compared with laboratory-based research, the study of social learning in natural contexts is in its infancy. Here, for the first time, we apply two new statistical methods, option-bias analysis and network-based diffusion analysis, to data from the wild, complemented by standard inferential statistics. Contrary to common thought regarding the cognitive abilities of prosimian primates, our evidence is consistent with social learning within subgroups in the ring-tailed lemur (Lemur catta), supporting the theory of directed social learning (Coussi-Korbel & Fragaszy, 1995). We also caution that, as the toolbox for capturing social learning in natural contexts grows, care is required in ensuring that the methods employed are appropriate-in particular, regarding social dynamics among study subjects. Supplemental materials for this article may be downloaded from http://lb.psychonomic-journals.org/content/supplemental.

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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2010