Behavior Research Methods

, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 134–140

Affective norms for 210 British English and Finnish nouns


DOI: 10.3758/BRM.42.1.134

Cite this article as:
Eilola, T.M. & Havelka, J. Behavior Research Methods (2010) 42: 134. doi:10.3758/BRM.42.1.134


This article presents affective ratings for 210 British English and Finnish nouns, including taboo words. The norms were collected with 135 native British English and 304 native Finnish speakers, who rated the words according to their emotional valence, emotional charge, offensiveness, concreteness, and familiarity. The ratings between the two languages were found to be strongly correlated. The present ratings were also strongly correlated with the American English emotional valence and arousal ratings available in the Affective Norms for English Words database (Bradley & Lang, 1999) and the Janschewitz (2008) database for taboo words. These ratings will help researchers to select stimulus materials for a wide range of experiments involving both monolingual and bilingual processing of British English and Finnish emotional words. Materials associated with this article may be accessed as an online supplement from

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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of LeedsLeedsEngland
  2. 2.School of Psychology, Keynes CollegeUniversity of KentKent CT2 7NPEngland

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