Early-handling and social-rearing effects on dominance-subordination behavior in the adult rat
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- Becker, G. & Ezinga, G. Psychon Sci (1969) 15: 27. doi:10.3758/BF03336179
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Effects of early handling and social rearing on dominance behavior were studied using the method of fixed-pair comparisons. Handled rats (in competition with nonhandled controls) were dominant, especially where both competitors were raised in social isolation. Socially-raised rats (in competition with isolation-raised rats) were dominant but only where both competitors were early-handled.