Psychonomic Science

, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 27–28

Early-handling and social-rearing effects on dominance-subordination behavior in the adult rat

  • Gilbert Becker
  • Gerard Ezinga
Animal Psychology Social Behavior

DOI: 10.3758/BF03336179

Cite this article as:
Becker, G. & Ezinga, G. Psychon Sci (1969) 15: 27. doi:10.3758/BF03336179


Effects of early handling and social rearing on dominance behavior were studied using the method of fixed-pair comparisons. Handled rats (in competition with nonhandled controls) were dominant, especially where both competitors were raised in social isolation. Socially-raised rats (in competition with isolation-raised rats) were dominant but only where both competitors were early-handled.

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© Psychonomic Journals, Inc. 1969

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gilbert Becker
    • 1
  • Gerard Ezinga
    • 1
  1. 1.University of ManitobaWinnipegCanada

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