, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp 345-349

Entrainment of respiration to repetitive finger tapping

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Subjects were instructed to synchronize finger tapping with visual signals of various frequencies. It was found that breathing rate became entrained to tapping rate if the latter fell within a range of two breaths per minute of the subject’s previous breathing rate. Entrainment did not occur when the subject merely monitored the visual stimuli but only during performance of tapping. The effect occurred without subjects’ awareness and was observed only in the absence of deliberate adjustments in respiratory frequency on the part of the subject. Temporal restrictions on the neural events responsible for motor output appear to be responsible for the phenomenon.