, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp 582-586

Priming on perceptual implicit memory tests can be achieved through presentation of associates

Abstract

Roediger and McDermott (1995) presented lists of semantic associates (e.g.,door, glass, pane, shade, ledge) to induce false recall of related, nonpresented words (e.g.,window). This study procedure was used in an attempt to determine whether associative activation of target words would be sufficient to produce priming on perceptual implicit memory tests. Priming of the nonpresented items occurred on both word stem completion and word fragment completion, but the level of priming was generally lower than for items that had been studied. Priming of the related, nonpresented words occurred on a conceptual implicit test of word association; further, the level of priming was equivalent to that of presented words.

I am grateful to Pat Kyllonen and his colleagues, who are affiliated with the Learning Abilities Measurement Program at Lackland Air Force Base, for providing access to the testing facilities and subjects. I would also like to thank Roddy Roediger for helpful discussion and Bettina Johnson, Kate Pfeifer, and Keith Rozendal for help in coding the data.