Perception & Psychophysics

, Volume 58, Issue 4, pp 527–539

Human performance on the traveling salesman problem


DOI: 10.3758/BF03213088

Cite this article as:
Macgregor, J.N. & Ormerod, T. Perception & Psychophysics (1996) 58: 527. doi:10.3758/BF03213088


Two experiments on performance on the traveling salesman problem (TSP) are reported. The TSP consists of finding the shortest path through a set of points, returning to the origin. It appears to be an intransigent mathematical problem, and heuristics have been developed to find approximate solutions. The first experiment used 10-point, the second, 20-point problems. The experiments tested the hypothesis that complexity of TSPs is a function of number of nonboundary points, not total number of points. Both experiments supported the hypothesis. The experiments provided information on the quality of subjects’ solutions. Their solutions clustered close to the best known solutions, were an order of magnitude better than solutions produced by three well-known heuristics, and on average fell beyond the 99.9th percentile in the distribution of random solutions. The solution process appeared to be perceptually based.

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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Loughborough University of TechnologyLoughboroughEngland
  2. 2.School of Public AdministrationUniversity of VictoriaVictoriaCanada
  3. 3.Department of Psychology at the University of LancasterLancasterEngland