Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp 158–162

The effects of a levels-of-processing manipulation on false recall

Authors

  • Matthew G. Rhodes
    • Department of PsychologyFrancis Marion University
    • Department of PsychologyFrancis Marion University
Brief Reports

DOI: 10.3758/BF03210735

Cite this article as:
Rhodes, M.G. & Anastasi, J.S. Psychon Bull Rev (2000) 7: 158. doi:10.3758/BF03210735

Abstract

The present study attempted to determine the effect of a levels-of-processing manipulation on the incidence of false recall. In Experiment 1, participants engaged in either a vowel counting task or a concrete/abstract rating task; in Experiment 2, participants engaged in either a vowel counting task or a category sorting task. Results of both experiments demonstrated that participants who engaged in a deeper level of processing (i.e., concrete/abstract ratings or category sorting) recalled significantly more list items and critical lures. The present findings thus lend support to theories that attribute false memories to activation-based factors.

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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2000