, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 343-346

Location preference and flavor aversion reinforced by amphetamine in rats


To associate the identical drug state with both a location and a flavor, rats were given intraperitoneal amphetamine injections and then confined for 20 min in one side of a shuttlebox with access to a flavored solution; on control trials without injections, they were confined for 20 min in the opposite side with a different flavor. In the first experiment, the rats were placed in the shuttlebox immediately after injections; in the second experiment, they were placed in the shuttlebox 20 min after injections. Subsequent free-choice tests in both experiments revealed an increased choice of the side of the shuttlebox associated with amphetamine but also an aversion to the flavored solution associated with the drug.

This research was supported by UCLA Academic Senate Research Committee Grant 2386.