, Volume 60, Issue 8, pp 1285-1304

Temporal inhibition in character identification

Abstract

Models of information processing tasks such as character identification often do not consider the nature of the initial sensory representation from which task-relevant information is extracted. An important component of this representation is temporal inhibition, in which the response to a stimulus may inhibit, or in some cases facilitate, processing of subsequent stimuli. Three experiments demonstrate the existence of temporal inhibitory processes in information processing tasks such as character identification and digit recall. An existing information processing model is extended to account for these effects, based in part on models from the detection literature. These experiments also discriminate between candidate neural mechanisms of the temporal inhibition. Implications for the transient deficit theory of dyslexia are discussed.

This research was funded in part by an NIMH predoctoral grant to T.A.B, and NINH Grant MH41637 to Geoffrey R. Loftus. Portions of this research were in partial fulfillment of a doctoral dissertation at the University of Washington.