Perception of biological motion: A stimulus set of human point-light actions Article Received: 31 December 2003 Accepted: 07 July 2004 DOI:
Cite this article as: Vanrie, J. & Verfaillie, K. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers (2004) 36: 625. doi:10.3758/BF03206542 Abstract
We present a set of stimuli representing human actions under point-light conditions, as seen from different viewpoints. The set contains 22 fairly short, well-delineated, and visually “loopable” actions. For each action, we provide movie files from five different viewpoints as well as a text file with the three spatial coordinates of the point lights, allowing researchers to construct customized versions. The full set of stimuli may be downloaded from
This research was supported by Concerted Research Effort Convention GOA 98/01, the Research Training Network “Perception for Recognition and Action” (RTN-2001-00107) under the direction of the European Community, and the Fund for Scientific Research of Flanders, of which J.V. is a research assistant.
Electronic Supplementary Material
Supplementary material is available for this article at
and is accessible for authorized users. 10.3758/BF03206542 Download to read the full article text References Ahlström, V., Blake, R.
(1997). Perception of biological motion.
PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Autodesk, Inc.
Autodesk 3D studio max
(Release 2). Sausalito, CA: Author.
Google Scholar Autodesk, Inc.
Character studio max
(Release 2). Sausalito, CA: Author.
Google Scholar Cutting, J. E.
(1978). A program to generate synthetic walkers as dynamic point-light displays.
Behavior Research Methods & Instrumentation
CrossRef Google Scholar Cutting, J. E.
Kozlowski, L. T.
(1977). Recognizing friends by their walk: Gait perception without familiarity cues.
Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society
Google Scholar Daems, A.
(1999). Viewpoint-dependent priming effects in the perception of human actions and body postures.
CrossRef Google Scholar Dekeyser, M., Verfaillie, K.
(2002). Creating stimuli for the study of biological-motion perception.
Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers
CrossRef Google Scholar Dittrich, W. H.
(1993). Action categories and the perception of biological motion.
PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Dittrich, W. H., Troscianko, T., Lea, S.
(1996). Perception of emotion from dynamic point-light displays represented in dance.
Google Scholar Druks, J.
An object and action naming battery
. London: Psychology Press.
Google Scholar Fiez, J. A.
(1997). Standardized stimuli and procedures for investigating the retrieval of lexical and conceptual knowledge for actions.
Memory & Cognition
CrossRef Google Scholar Johansson, G.
(1973). Visual perception of biological motion and a model for its analysis.
Perception & Psychophysics
CrossRef Google Scholar Olofsson, U., Nyberg, L.
(1997). Priming and recognition of human motion patterns.
CrossRef Google Scholar
Oxford Metrics, Ltd. (1997).
Body builder version 3.5
. Oxford, U.K.: Author.
Google Scholar Peuskens, H., Vanrie, J., Verfaillie, K., & Orban, G. (2004). Human superior temporal sulcus motion region processes actions portrayed in biological motion stimuli. Manuscript submitted for publication. Vanrie, J., Dekeyser, M.
(2004). Bistability and biasing effects in the perception of an ambiguous point-light walker.
PubMed CrossRef Google Scholar Verfaillie, K.
(1993). Orientation-dependent priming effects in the perception of biological motion.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance
CrossRef Google Scholar Verfaillie, K.
(2000). Visual perception of human locomotion: Priming effects in direction discrimination.
Brain & Cognition
CrossRef Google Scholar Verfaillie, K., De Troy, A.
Van Rensbergen, J.
(1994). Transsaccadic integration of biological motion.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition
CrossRef Google Scholar Copyright information
© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2004