Effect of click rate and delay on breakdown of the precedence effect
The precedence effect was tested as a function of echo-click delay and click rate after an abrupt switch in location between leading and lagging clicks. Click trains at three rates, 1/sec, 2/sec, and 4/sec, with delays ranging between 2 and 20 msec, were presented to subjects in an anechoic chamber. Duration of the click train after the switch in location was 12 sec, and echo click perceptibility was assessed throughout this period. The number of echo clicks heard was an increasing monotonic function of delay. The subjects reported a “fade-out” of echo clicks after a set number of clicks at each delay, regardless of rate. This result was interpreted as a buildup in inhibition of echoes produced by the ongoing click train. Suppression of echoes was stronger when the leading click originated from the right side than from the left side.
- Blauert, J. (1983).Spatial hearing. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Clifton, R. K. (1987). Breakdown of echo suppression in the precedence effect.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 82, 1834–1835. CrossRef
- Gardner, M. D. (1968). Historical background of the Haas and/or precedence effect.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,43, 1243–1248. CrossRef
- Gordon, H. W. (1978). Left hemisphere dominance for rhythmic elements in dichotically presented melodies.Cortex,14, 58–70.
- Hartmann, W. M. (1983). Localization of sound in rooms.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,74, 1380–1391. CrossRef
- Kimura, D. (1967). Functional asymmetry of the brain in dichotic listening.Cortex,3, 163–178.
- Lindemann, W. (1986). Extension of a binaural cross-correlation model by contralateral inhibition: 2. The law of the first wavefront.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,80, 1623–1630. CrossRef
- Mills, L., &Rollman, G. B. (1980). Hemispheric asymmetry for auditory perception of temporal order.Neuropsychologia,18, 41–47. CrossRef
- Rakerd, B., &Hartmann, W. M. (1985). Localization of sound in rooms: 2. The effects of a single reflecting surface.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,78, 524–533. CrossRef
- Rakerd, B., &Hartmann, W. M. (1986). Localization of sound in rooms: 3. Onset and duration effects.Journal of the Acoustical Society of America,80, 1695–1706. CrossRef
- Thurlow, W. R., &Parks, T. E. (1961). Precedence-suppression effects for two click sources.Perceptual & Motor Skills,13, 7–12. CrossRef
- Wallach, H., Newman, E. B., &Rosenzweig, M. R. (1949). The precedence effect in sound localization.American Journal of Psychology,52, 315–336. CrossRef
- Zurek, P. M. (1987). The precedence effect. In W. A. Yost & G. Gourevitch (Eds.),Directional hearing (pp. 85–105). New York: Springer-Verlag.
- Effect of click rate and delay on breakdown of the precedence effect
Perception & Psychophysics
Volume 46, Issue 2 , pp 139-145
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors