The effects of stimulus sequence and probability on perceptual processing
Two experiments that tested the hypothesis that the effect of stimulus presentation probability on perceptual processing is a function of the preceding stimulus sequence are reported. Replicating previous findings, the magnitude of the probability effect was affected by stimulus quality. The interaction was unchanged when sequential effects were eliminated from the data. Stimulus quality and sequence displayed an additive relationship. These results suggest that the probability effect on perceptual processing is not an indirect result of sequential effects. Together with the results of Miller and Anbar (1981), they suggest that practice gradually acts to facilitate the perceptual processing of highly probable stimuli.
- Bernstein, I. H., &Reese, C. (1967). Behavioral hypotheses and choice reaction time.Psychonomic Science,9, 189–190.
- Bertelson, P. (1963). S-R relationships and reaction time to new versus repeated signals in a serial task.Journal of Experimental Psychology,65, 478–484. CrossRef
- Geller, E. S., &Pitz, G. F. (1970). Effects of prediction, probability, and run length on choice reaction speed.Journal of Experimental Psychology,84, 361–369. CrossRef
- Geller, E. S.T Whitman, C. P., Wrenn, R. F., &Shipley, W. G. (1971). Expectancy and discrete reaction time in a probability reversal design.Journal of Experimental Psychology,90, 113–119. CrossRef
- Hardzinski, M., &Pachella, R. G. (1980). The manipulation of stimulus quality and the definition of stimulus encoding operations in memory scanning experiments.Perception & Psychophysics,27, 232–240.
- Hinrichs, J. V., &Craft, J. L. (1971). Verbal expectancy and probability in two-choice reaction time.Journal of Experimental Psychology,88, 367–371. CrossRef
- Hyman, R. (1953). Stimulus information as a determinant of reaction time.Journal of Experimental Psychology,45, 188–196. CrossRef
- Laberge, D., Van Gelder, P., &Yellott, J. (1970). A cueing technique in choice reaction time.Perception & Psychophysics,7, 57–62.
- Mcclelland, J. L. (1979). On the time relations of mental processes: An examination of systems of processes in cascade.Psychological Review,86, 287–330. CrossRef
- Meyer, D., Schvaneveldt, R., &Ruddy, M. (1975). Loci of contextual effects on visual word recognition. In P. Rabbitt & S. Dornic (Eds.),Attention and performance V. New York: Academic Press.
- Miller, J. (1979). Cognitive influences on perceptual processing.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,5, 546–562. CrossRef
- Miller, J., &Anbar, R. (1981). Expectancy and frequency effects on perceptual and motor systems in choice reaction time.Memory A Cognition,9, 631–641.
- Miller, J., &Hardzinski, M. (1981). Case specificity of the stimulus probability effect.Memory A Cognition,9, 205–216.
- Miller, J., &Pachella, R. G. (1973). Locus of the stimulus probability effect.Journal of Experimental Psychology,101, 227–231. CrossRef
- Miller, J. O., &Pachella, R. G. (1976). Encoding processes in memory scanning tasks.Memory & Cognition,4, 501–506.
- Myers, J. L. (1976). Probability learning and sequence learning. In W. K. Estes (Ed.),Handbook of learning and cognitive processes: Vol. 3. Approaches to human learning and motivation. Hillsdale, N.J: Erlbaum.
- Pachella, R. G., &Fisher, D. F. (1969). Effect of stimulus degradation and similarity on the trade-off between speed and accuracy in absolute judgments.Journal of Experimental Psychology,81, 7–9. CrossRef
- Remington, R. J. (1969). Analysis of sequential effects in choice reaction times.Journal of Experimental Psychology,82, 250–257. CrossRef
- Schiller, P. H. (1965). Monoptic and dichoptic visual masking by patterns and flashes.Journal of Experimental Psychology,69, 193–199. CrossRef
- Schvaneveldt, R. W., &Chase, W. G. (1969). Sequential effects in choice reaction time.Journal of Experimental Psychology,80, 1–8. CrossRef
- Stanovich, K. E., &Pachella, R. G. (1977). Encoding, stimulus-response compatibility, and stages of processing.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance,3, 411–421. CrossRef
- Sternberg, S. (1969). The discovery of processing stages: Extensions of Donders’ method. In W. G. Koster (Ed.),Attention and performance IL Amsterdam: North Holland.
- Tulving, E., &Gold, C. (1963). Stimulus information and contextual information as determinants of tachistoscopic recognition of words.Journal of Experimental Psychology,66, 319–327. CrossRef
- Turvey, M. T. (1973). On peripheral and central processes in vision: Inferences from an information-processing analysis of masking with patterned stimuli.Psychological Review,80, 1–52. CrossRef
- The effects of stimulus sequence and probability on perceptual processing
Perception & Psychophysics
Volume 35, Issue 2 , pp 137-143
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors