The possible use of IBM-compatible computers and digital-to-analog conversion to assess children for reading disabilities and to increase their phonemic awareness
- David P. Hurford
- … show all 1 hide
Hurford and Sanders (1990) and Hurford (1990) have been successful at employing digital-toanalog (D/A) conversion to remediate phonemic processing deficiencies in young disabled readers. The present study outlines how D/A conversion might be used to identify students who are at risk for reading disabilities. A large sample of first-quarter first graders (227) was administered tests of reading (the Word Identification and Word Attack subtests of the Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests-Revised), a measure of intelligence (IQ according to the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised), and two measures of phonemic processing (phonemic discrimination and phonemic segmentation). The phonemic processing measures were significantly related to the measures of reading (ps < .0001). Students assigned to at-risk and not-at-risk groups on the basis of their reading scores were significantly different on the phonemic processing measures and on IQ. No differences were due to age. After the data were reanalyzed with IQ as a covariate, only phonemic segmentation differentiated the two groups. Although phonemic discrimination may be less useful for identifying young at-risk students, it seems to help in the remediation of phonemic processing deficiencies. Phonemic discrimination training would be less effective were it not for D/A conversion with personal computers.
- Dunn, L. M. (1981).Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service, Inc.
- Farnham-Diooory, S. (1978).Learning disabilities: A psychological perspective. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
- Godfrey, J. J., Syrdal-Lasky, A. K., Millay, K. K., &Knox, C. M. (1981). Performance of dyslexic children on speech perception tests.Journal of Experimental Child Psychology,32, 401–424. CrossRef
- Helfgott, J. A. (1976). Phonemic segmentation and blending skills of kindergarten children: Implications for beginning reading acquisition.Contemporary Educational Psychology,1, 157–169. CrossRef
- Hurford, D. P. (1990). Training phonemic segmentation ability with a phonemic discrimination intervention in second- and third-grade children with reading disabilities.Journal of Learning Disabilities,23, 564–569. CrossRef
- Hurford, D. P., &Sanders, R. E. (1990). Assessment and remediation of a phonemic discrimination deficit in reading disabled second- and fourthgraders.Journal of Experimental Child Psychology,50, 396415. CrossRef
- Liberman, A. M. (1989). Reading is hard just because listening is easy. In C. von Euler (Ed.),Wennergren International Symposium series: Brain and reading. Basingstoke, U.K.: Macmillan.
- Liberman, I. Y., Shankweiler, D., Liberman, A. M., Fowler, C., &Fischer, F. W. (1977). Phonetic segmentation and recoding in the beginning reader. In A. S. Reber & D. L. Scarborough (Eds.),Toward a psychology of reading: The proceedings of the CUNY conference (pp. 207–225). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Rozin, P., &Gleitman, L. R. (1977). The structure and acquisition of reading: II. The reading process and the acquisition of the alphabetic principle. In A. S. Reber & D. L. Scarborough (Eds.),Toward a psychology of reading: The proceedings of the CUNY conference (pp. 55–141). Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
- Rubin, R., &Balow, B. (1971). Learning and behavior disorders: A longitudinal study.Exceptional Children,38, 293–300.
- Wagner, R. K., &Torgesen, J. K. (1987). The nature of phonological processing and its causal role in the acquisition of reading skills.Psychological Bulletin,101, 192–212. CrossRef
- Woodcock, R. W. (1987).Woodcock Reading Mastery Tests-Revised. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service, Inc.
- Zifcak, M. (1981). Phonological awareness and reading acquisition.Contemporary Educational Psychology,6, 117–126. CrossRef
- The possible use of IBM-compatible computers and digital-to-analog conversion to assess children for reading disabilities and to increase their phonemic awareness
Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers
Volume 23, Issue 2 , pp 319-323
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Industry Sectors
- David P. Hurford (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychology and Counseling, Pittsburg State University, 66762, Pittsburg, KS