Memory & Cognition

, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 540–545

Imaging while reading text: A study of individual differences

Authors

  • Michel Denis
    • Laboratoire de Psychologie , E.R.A. au C.N.R.S. No. 235Université de Paris VIII
Article

DOI: 10.3758/BF03202436

Cite this article as:
Denis, M. Mem Cogn (1982) 10: 540. doi:10.3758/BF03202436

Abstract

In a series of four experiments, reading time of texts and memory for their informational content were studied in relation to readers’ imagery abilities. The main prediction was that if high imagers (HIs) tend to elaborate images expressing the semantic content of the text while reading, then they should require more time to read imageable material than low imagers (LIs). And in fact, when subjects read a descriptive/narrative text, HIs not only read more slowly, but remembered the text better than LIs. In contrast, when subjects read abstract, nonimageable material, there was no difference between the two groups in reading times or memory. Additional experiments provided further support for the claim that HIs spent more time elaborating images while they read descriptive/narrative text.

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Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 1982