, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 155-160

The extent of processing of noise elements during selective encoding from visual displays

Abstract

Circular visual displays of 12 elements, consisting of A, H, M, and U, were presented to S. She responded with a lever movement in one direction if a given letter designated by a bar indicator was a member of the set A-U and in the opposite direction if it was from the other set. The principal experimental variables were the SOA by which the indicator preceded the display and whether the target letter was flanked by letters of the same or opposite set. The results indicated that the interference produced by noise letters is primarily on the response as opposed to the processing side. Also, there is a limit to the precision of selective attention in the visual field. The interference of opposite-set letters was inversely proportional to their distance from the target.

This investigation was supported by U.S. Public Health Service Research Grant MH-1206 and U.S. Public Health Service Research Career Program Award K6-MH-22014.