Effects of phonological similarity and concurrent irrelevant articulation on short-term-memory recall of repeated and novel word lists
- Veronika Coltheart
- … show all 1 hide
The extent to which phonological similarity of list words impairs short-term-memory recall was investigated in two experiments. Experiment 1 showed that the phonological-similarity effect occurred both when list words were repeatedly sampled from a small set and when they were new on every trial, both when word-order information was required and when it was not. Furthermore, the adverse effect of phonological similarity on recall was apparent on the initial lists recalled, did not change over trials, and cannot be attributed to increasing levels of proactive inhibition across lists. In Experiment 2, subjects were required to count repeatedly to six during list presentation. Concurrent irrelevant articulation lowered recall and abolished the phonological similarity effect for both repeated and novel word lists.
Supplementary Material (0)
- Avons, S. E., Wright, K. L., & Pammer, K. (in press). The word length effect in probed and serial recall.Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.
- Baddeley, A. D. (1966). Short-term memory for word sequences as a function of acoustic, semantic and formal similarity.Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology,18, 362–365. CrossRef
- Baddeley, A. D. (1986).Working memory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Baddeley, A. D., Papagno, C., &Vallar, G. (1988). When long-term memory depends on short-term storage.Journal of Memory & Language,27, 586–595. CrossRef
- Baddeley, A. D., Thomson, N., &Buchanan, M. (1975). Word length and the structure of short-term memory.Journal of Verbal Learning & Verbal Behavior,14, 575–589. CrossRef
- Bavelier, D., &Potter, M. C. (1992). Visual and phonological codes in repetition blindness.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance,18, 134–147. CrossRef
- Besner, D., &Davelaar, E. (1982). Basic processes in reading: Two phonological codes.Canadian Journal of Psychology,36, 701–711.
- Bishop, D. V. M., &Robson, J. (1989). Unimpaired short-term memory and rhyme judgement in congenitally speechless individuals: Implications for the notion of articulatory coding.Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology,41A, 123–141.
- Coltheart, V., Avons, S. E., &Trollope, J. (1990). Articulatory suppression and phonological codes in reading for meaning.Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology,42A, 375–399.
- Conrad, R. (1964). Acoustic confusion in immediate memory.British Journal of Psychology,55, 75–84.
- Conrad, R. (1972). Short-term memory in the deaf: A test for speech coding.British Journal of Psychology,63, 173–180.
- Conrad, R., &Hull, A. J. (1964). Information, acoustic confusion and memory span.British Journal of Psychology,55, 429–432.
- Ellis, N. C., &Hennelly, R. A. (1980). A bilingual word-length effect: Implications for intelligence testing and the relative ease of mental calculation in Welsh and English.British Journal of Psychology,71, 43–52.
- Gathercole, S., &Baddeley, A. O. (1989). Evaluation of the role of phonological STM in the development of vocabulary in children: A longitudinal study.Journal of Memory & Language,28, 200–213. CrossRef
- Gum, T., &Bub, D. (1985). Psychlab [Computer program]. Montreal: Montreal Neurological Institute.
- Henry, L. A. (1991). The effects of word length and phonemic similarity in young children’s short-term memory.Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology,43A, 35–52.
- Hitch, G. J., &Halliday, M. S. (1983). Working memory in children.Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London: Series B,302, 325–340. CrossRef
- Hitch, G. J., Halliday, S., Schaafstal, A. M., &Schraagen, J. M. C. (1988). Visual working memory in young children.Memory & Cognition,16, 120–132.
- Kanwisher, N. G. (1987). Repetition blindness: Type recognition without token individuation.Cognition,27, 117–143. CrossRef
- Kanwisher, N. G., &Potter, M. C. (1990). Repetition blindness: Levels of processing.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance,16, 30–47. CrossRef
- Kučera, H., &Francis, W. N. (1967).Computational analysis of present-day American English. Providence, RI: Brown University Press.
- La Pointe, L. B., &Engle, R. W. (1990). Simple and complex word spans as measures of working memory capacity.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory. & Cognition,16, 1118–1133. CrossRef
- Monsell, S. (1987). On the relation between lexical input and output pathways for speech. In A. Allport, D. MacKay, W. Prinz, & E. Scheerer (Eds.),Language perception and production: Relationships between listening, speaking, reading and writing (pp. 273–311). London: Academic Press.
- Murray, D. J. (1968). Articulation and acoustic confusability in short-term memory.Journal of Experimental Psychology,78, 679–684. CrossRef
- Pollatsek, A., Lesch, M., Morris, R. K., &Rayner, K. (1992). Phonological codes are used in integrating information across saccades in word identification and reading.Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance,18, 148–162. CrossRef
- Stigler, J. W., Lee, S.-Y., &Stevenson, H. W. (1986). Digit memory in Chinese and English: Evidence for a temporally limited store.Cognition,23, 1–20. CrossRef
- Watkins, M. J., Watkins, O. C., &Crowder, R. G. (1974). The modality effect in free and serial recall as a function of phonological similarity.Journal of Verbal Learning & Verbal Behavior,13, 430–447. CrossRef
- Wickelgren, W. A. (1965). Short-term memory for phonemically similar lists.American Journal of Psychology,78, 567–574. CrossRef
About this Article
- Effects of phonological similarity and concurrent irrelevant articulation on short-term-memory recall of repeated and novel word lists
Memory & Cognition
Volume 21, Issue 4 , pp 539-545
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Additional Links
- Author Affiliations
- 1. School of Behavioural Sciences, Macquarie University, 2109, North Ryde, NSW, Australia