Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp 435–444

Irrelevant speech, articulatory suppression, and phonological similarity: A test of the phonological loop model and the feature model

Brief Reports

DOI: 10.3758/BF03196503

Cite this article as:
Hanley, J.R. & Bakopoulou, E. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review (2003) 10: 435. doi:10.3758/BF03196503

Abstract

Two experiments tested competing predictions about the nature of the irrelevant speech effect that were derived from Neath’s (2000) feature model and from Salamé and Baddeley’s (1982) phonological loop model. The first experiment examined the combined effects of irrelevant speech and articulatory suppression when target items were presented auditorily. Contrary to the suggestions of Neath, but consistent with the phonological loop model, the effects of articulatory suppression and irrelevant speech were additive even when the irrelevant speech was presented during the retention interval. The second experiment examined the combined effects of irrelevant speech and phonological similarity when target items were presented visually. Consistent with the phonological loop model, the effects of phonological similarity and irrelevant speech were additive when participants were specifically instructed to use articulatory/phonological rehearsal to remember the list items. The results therefore contradicted Neath’s claim that irrelevant speech abolishes the phonological similarity effect when list items are presented visually. However, the effect of phonological similarity was abolished in the irrelevant speech conditions when no instructions were given concerning rehearsal. It is argued that the phonological similarity effect disappears in some experiments because participants sometimes employ a semantic rehearsal strategy, consistent with the views of Salamé and Baddeley (1986).

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© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of EssexWivenhoe ParkEngland