Psychonomic Bulletin & Review

, Volume 13, Issue 3, pp 480–485

Memory conformity: Disentangling the steps toward influence during a discussion

Authors

    • Division of PsychologyUniversity of Abertay
  • Amina Memon
    • University of Aberdeen
  • Daniel B. Wright
    • University of Sussex
Article

DOI: 10.3758/BF03193873

Cite this article as:
Gabbert, F., Memon, A. & Wright, D.B. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review (2006) 13: 480. doi:10.3758/BF03193873

Abstract

When two people see the same event and discuss it, one person’s memory report can influence what the other person subsequently claims to remember. We refer to this asmemory conformity. In the present article, two factors underlying the memory conformity effect are investigated. First, are there any characteristics of the dialogue that predict memory conformity? Second, is memory conformity differentially affected when information is encountered that omits, adds to, or contradicts originally encoded items? Participants were tested in pairs. The two members of each pair encoded slightly different versions of complex scenes and discussed them prior to an individual free recall test. The discussions were audiotaped, transcribed, and analyzed. Our most striking finding was that the witness initiating the discussion was most likely to influence the other witness’s memory report. Furthermore, witnesses were most likely to be influenced when an additional (previously unseen) item of information was encountered in the discussion.

Download to read the full article text

Copyright information

© Psychonomic Society, Inc. 2006