Concentration and distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls in soils of Moscow
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
The concentration of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) in the soils of Moscow has been determined by gas chromatography and high-resolution mass spectrometry (GC-HRMS). The total concentrations of 19 indicator and dioxin-like congeners, as well as PCBs in surface soils, are 2.85–60.62 μg/kg (the most contaminated sample was 4591.99 μg/kg). The average value, excluding the most contaminated sample, is 14.44 μg/kg, which is characteristic of residential areas of industrialized countries. This indicator varies insubstantially depending on the functional zone of the city. The toxicity equivalent of 12 dioxin-like PCBs in soils is 1.92 ng I-TEQ/kg on average and varies in a range from 0.15 to 334.12 ng I-TEQ/kg. The fraction of PCBs in the total toxicity of dioxins and dioxin-like compounds in soil varieties is 16.7–85.4%.
- Agapkina, G.I., Brodskii, E.S., Shelepchikov, A.A., Feshin, D.B., and Efimenko, E.S., Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins and dibenzofurans in Moscow Soils, Vestn. Mosk. Univ. Ser. 17. Pochvoved., 2010, no. 3.
- Anan’eva, N.D., Khakimov, F.I., Deeva, N.F., et al., The Influence of Polychlorinated Biphenyls on the Microbial Biomass and Respiration in Gray Forest Soil, Pochvoved., 2005, no. 7 [Eur. Soil Sci. (Engl. Transl.), 2005, vol. 38, no. 7, p. 770].
- Andreev, V.G. and Baev, A.S., Okhrana okruzhayushchei sredy, prirodopol’zovanie i obespechenie ekologicheskoi bezopasnosti v Sankt-Peterburge v 1998 godu (Environmental Protection, Nature Management and Environmental Safety Support in St. Petersburg in 1998), St. Petersburg, 1999.
- Bulgakov, A.A., Konoplev, A.V., and Bobovnika, Ts.I., Soils Pollution by Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Their Transfer into Plants, in Sb. tez. Mezhdunar. nauch. konf. “Sovremennye problemy zagryazneniya pochv” (Proc. Int. Sci. Conf. “Modern Problems of Soils Pollution”), Moscow, 2004.
- Isidorov, V.A., Vvedenie v khimicheskuyu ekotoksikologiyu: Ucheb. posobie (Introduction into Environmental Toxicology: Student’s Book), St. Petersburg, 1999.
- Klyuev, N.A., Ekologo-analiticheskii kontrol’ stoikikh organicheskikh zagryaznenii v okruzhayushchei srede (Ecological-Analytical Monitoring of Resistant Organic Impurities in the Environment), Moscow, 2000.
- Kukharchik, T.I., Kakareka, S.V., Khomich, V.S., et al., Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Soils of Belarus: Sources, Contamination Levels, and Problems of Study, Pochvoved., 2007, no. 5 [Eur. Soil Sci. (Engl. Transl.), 2007, vol. 40, no. 5, p. 485].
- Maistrenko, V.N. and Klyuev, N.A., Ekologo-analiticheskii monitoring stoikikh organicheskikh zagryaznitelei (Ecological-Analytical Monitoring of Resistant Organic Impurities), Moscow, 2004.
- Orientirovochno dopustimye kontsentratsii (Approxible Permissible Concentration) no. GN 22.214.171.1241-09: Chemical Substances in the Soil, 2009.
- PDK i ODK (Maximum Permissible Concentration and Approxible Permissible Concentration) no. 6229-91: Chemical Substances in the Soil, Minzdrav SSSR, 1991.
- Procedure for the Determining the Extent of Soils Damage Caused by Chemical Substances, Ministerstvo okhrany okruzhayushchei sredy i prirodnykh resursov, Letter no. 04-25.61-5678.
- Pochva, gorod, ekologiya (Soil, City, Ecology), Dobrovol’skii, G.V., Ed., Moscow, 1997.
- PDK (Maximum Permissible Concentration) no. GN 126.96.36.1991-06: Chemical Substances in the Soil, 2006.
- Revich, B.A., Zagryaznenie okruzhayushchei sredy i zdorov’e naseleniya. Vvedenie v ekologicheskuyu epidemiologiyu. Ucheb. posobie (Environment Pollution and Nation Health. Introduction into Ecological Epidemiology. Student’s Book), Moscow, 2001.
- SanPin (Sanitary Regulations and Standards) no. 188.8.131.527-03: to Soil’s Quality, 2003.
- Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, Secretariat of the Stockholm Convention. “Measures to reduce or eliminate POPs”. UNER, 2001.
- Khakimov, F.I., Deeva, N.F., and Il’ina, A.A., Soil Contamination with Polychlorinated Biphenyls in the Town of Serpukhov, Pochvoved., 2003, no. 4 [Eur. Soil Sci. (Engl. Transl.), 2003, vol. 36, no. 4, p. 444].
- Khakimov, F.I., Deeva, N.F., Il’ina, A.A., et al., Polychlorinated Biphenyls Effect onto the Soil, in Sb. tez. Mezhdunar. nauch. konf. “Sovremenye problemy zagryazneniya pochv” (Proc. Int. Sci. Conf. “Modern Problems of Soils Pollution”), Moscow, 2004.
- Shelepchikov, A.A., Brodskii, E.S., Zhil’nikov, V.G., and Feshin, D.B., Detection of Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Pesticides in the Environmental Objects and Biomaterials by Using the Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry of High Resolution, Mass-Spektrometr., 2008, vol. 5, no. 4.
- Yufit, S.S., Yady vokrug nas. Vyzov chelovechestvu (Poisons around Us. Challenge to Humanity), Moscow, 2002.
- 40 CFR: Protection of the Environment. Part 761-Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs): Manufacturing, Processing, Distribution in Commerce, and Use Prohibitions, Environmental Protection Agency, USA, 2007.
- Circular on Target Values and Intervention Values for Soil Remediation no. DBO/1999226863, Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment of Netherlands, Netherlands Government Gazette, Feb. 4, 2000, no. 39.
- Final Rep. of Europ. Commission no. ENV.C.2/SER/2002/0085: Dioxins & PCBs: Environmental Levels and Human Exposure in Candidate Countries, Brussels, 2004.
- Dusek, L. and Tesarova, M., Influence of Polychlorinated Biphenyls on Microbial Biomass and Its Activity in Grass-Land Soil, Biol. Fertil. Soils, 1996, vol. 22, no. 3.
- Meijer, S.N., Ockenden, W.A., Sweetman, A., et al., Global Distribution and Budget of PCBs and HCB in Background Surface Soils: Implications for Sources and Environmental Processes, Environ. Sci. Tech., 2002, vol. 37, no. 4.
- Meijer, S.N., Stainnes, E., Ockenden, W.A., et al., Influence of Environmental Variables on the Spatial Distribution of PCBs in Norwegian and U.K. Soils: Implication for Global Cycling, Environ. Sci. Technol., 2002, vol. 36, no. 10.
- Toxicological Profile for Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs). U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Atlanta, Georgia, 2000.
- Concentration and distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls in soils of Moscow
Moscow University Soil Science Bulletin
Volume 66, Issue 1 , pp 36-41
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Allerton Press, Inc.
- Additional Links
- soil pollution
- urban ecosystem
- polychlorinated biphenyls
- contribution to dioxin toxicity equivalent
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Faculty of Soil, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991, Russia
- 2. Laboratory of Analytic Ecotoxicology, Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii pr. 33, Moscow, 119071, Russia