Effect of host weight on the distribution of Argulus foliaceus (L.) (Crustacea, Branchiura) within a fish community
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
Spatial heterogeneity is a feature common to many ecosystems. Aquatic organisms typically exhibit this heterogeneous distribution but to date little is known about the distribution of many common parasite species within water bodies. In this study the distribution of Argulus foliaceus (L.), an ectoparasitic crustacean, on different sized hosts within a mixed species fish community was determined. Different fish species exhibited differences in their louse burdens (prevalence and intensity). The highest prevalence of A. foliaceus was observed on fish species dominated by larger individuals (i.e. Cyprinus carpio, Abramis brama and Tinca tinca). C. carpio and A. brama also exhibited the highest mean louse intensities. Infested fish were generally heavier than uninfested conspecifics. Differences in the weight of uninfested and infested fish were significant (P<0.05) for the whole fish community samples and the Scardinius erythrophthalmus, A. brama and C. carpio samples. There was also a general pattern of increasing infestation intensity with an increase in host body weight, with significant correlations for the whole fish community for S. erythrophthalmus, A. brama and C. carpio samples. In addition there were significant differences in parasite prevalence and intensity between different host weight groups and larger (heavier) fish appeared to be more prone to infestation by A. foliaceus.
- Bandilla M., Hakalahti T., Hudson P.J., Valtonen E.T. 2005. Aggregation of Argulus coregoni (Crustacea: Branchiura) on rainbow trout (Onchorhynchus mykiss): a consequence of host susceptibility or exposure? Parasitology, 130, 169–176. DOI: 10.1007/s00265-007-0523-y. CrossRef
- Bone Q., Marshall N.B., Baxter J.H.S. 1995. Biology of fishes. 2nd ed. Chapman & Hall, London, 324 pp.
- Cochran P.A. 1985. Size selective attack by parasitic lampreys: consideration of alternative null hypotheses. Oecologia, 67, 137–141. CrossRef
- Dogiel V.A., Petrushevski G.K., Yu I. 1958. Parasitology of fishes. Leningrad University Press, Leningrad (translated by Z. Kabata; Oliver & Boyd, London), 384 pp.
- Grutter A.S. 1994. Spatial and temporal variations of the ectoparasites of seven reef fish species from Lizard Island and Heron Island, Australia. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 115, 21–30. CrossRef
- Kearn G.C. 2004. Leeches, lice and lampreys: A natural history of skin and gill parasites of fishes. Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 432 pp.
- Kollatsch D. 1959. Untersuchungen über die Biologie und Ökologie der Karpfenläuse (Argulus foliaceus L.). Zoologische Beiträge, 5, 1–36.
- Kuris A.M., Blaustein A.R., Alio J.J. 1980. Hosts as islands. American Naturalist, 116, 570–586. CrossRef
- LaMarre E., Cochran P.A. 1992. Lack of host species selection by the exotic parasitic crustacean, Argulus japonicus. Journal of Freshwater Ecology, 7, 77–80.
- MacArthur R.H., Wilson E.O. 1967. The Theory of Island Biogeography. Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 224 pp.
- Mikheev V.N., Mikheev A.V., Pasternak A.F., Valtonen E.T. 2000. Light-mediated host searching strategies in a fish ectoparasite, Argulus foliaceus L. (Crustacea: Branchiura). Parasitology, 120, 409–416. DOI:10.1017/S0031182099005569. CrossRef
- Mikheev V.N., Valtonen E.T., Rintamäki-Kinnunen P. 1998. Host searching in Argulus foliaceus L. (Crustacea: Branchiura): the role of vision and selectivity. Parasitology, 116, 425–430. DOI:10.1017/S0031182098002455. CrossRef
- Mustafa A., MacKinnon B.M., Piasecki W. 2005. Interspecific differences between Atlantic salmon and Arctic charr in susceptibility to infection with larval and adult Caligus elongatus: effect of skin mucus protein profiles and epidermal histological differences. Acta Ichthyologica et Piscatoria, 35, 7–13.
- O’shea B., Mordue-Luntz A.J., Fryer R.J., Pert C.C., Bricknell I.R. 2006. Determination of the surface area of a fish. Journal of Fish Diseases, 29, 437–440. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2761.2006.00728.x. CrossRef
- Poulin R. 1993. The disparity between observed and uniform distributions: A new look at parasite aggregation. International Journal for Parasitology, 23, 937–944. DOI: 10.1016/0020-7519(93)90060-C. CrossRef
- Poulin R. 1999a. Parasitism and shoal size in juvenile sticklebacks: conflicting selection pressures from different ectoparasites? Ethology, 105, 959–968. DOI: 10.1046/j.1439-0310.1999.00491.x. CrossRef
- Poulin R. 1999b. Body size vs abundance among parasite species: positive relationships? Ecography, 22, 246–250. DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.1999.tb00499.x. CrossRef
- Poulin R. 2000. Variation in the intraspecific relationship between fish length and intensity of parasitic infection: biological and statistical causes. Journal of Fish Biology, 56, 123–137. DOI:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2000.tb02090.x. CrossRef
- Poulin R., Curtis M.A., Rau M.E. 1991. Size, behaviour, and acquisition of ectoparasitic copepods by brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis. Oikos, 61, 169–174. CrossRef
- Poulin R., FitzGerald G.J. 1987. The potential of parasitism in the structuring of a salt marsh stickleback community. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 65, 2793–2798. CrossRef
- Poulin R., FitzGerald G.J. 1989. Shoaling as an anti-ectoparasite mechanism in juvenile sticklebacks (Gasterosteus spp.). Behavioural Ecology and Sociobiology, 24, 251–255. DOI: 10.1007/BF00295205. CrossRef
- Reiczigel J., Rózsa L. 2005. Quantitative Parasitology 3.0. Budapest. Distributed by the authors.
- Rózsa L. 1997. Wing-feather mite (Acari: Protophyllodidae) abundance correlates with body mass of passerine hosts: a comparative study. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 75, 1535–1539. CrossRef
- Rózsa L., Reiczigel J., Majoros G. 2000. Quantifying parasites in samples of hosts. Journal of Parasitology, 86, 228–232. DOI:10.2307/3284760. CrossRef
- Todd C.D., Walker A.M., Hoyle E.J., Northcott S.J., Walker A.F., Ritchie M.G. 2000. Infestations of wild adult Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) by the ectoparasitic copepod sea louse Lepeophtheirus salmonis Krryer: prevalence, intensity and the spatial distribution of males and females on the host fish. Hydrobiologia, 429, 181–196. CrossRef
- Tucker C.S., Sommerville C., Wootten R. 2002. Does size really matter? Effects of fish surface area on the settlement and initial survival of Lepeophtheirus salmonis, an ectoparasite of Atlantic salmon Salmo salar. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 49, 145–152. DOI: 10.3354/dao049145. CrossRef
- Walker P.D., Flik G., Wendelaar Bonga S.E. 2004. The biology of parasites from the genus Argulus and a review of the interactions with its host. Symposia of the Society for Experimental Biology, 55, 107–129.
- Effect of host weight on the distribution of Argulus foliaceus (L.) (Crustacea, Branchiura) within a fish community
Volume 53, Issue 2 , pp 165-172
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- SP Versita
- Additional Links
- host choice
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Animal Ecology & Ecophysiology, Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Faculty of Science, Radboud University Nijmegen, Toernooiveld 1, 6525 ED, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
- 2. School of Biological Sciences, University of Plymouth, Drake Circus, Plymouth, PL4 8AA, UK
- 3. National Museum of Natural History Naturalis, P.O. Box 9517, 2300 RA, Leiden, The Netherlands