Estimation of soil erosion on cultivated fields on the hilly Meghalaya Plateau, North-East India
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The estimation of soil erosion rates in complex subtropical agricultural systems of hilly environment is difficult and most of the traditional methods have serious limitations. The 137Cs technique allows to obtain relatively quickly retrospective medium term soil erosion results. The objective of this study was using 137Cs approach to quantify soil loss under agricultural system which develops under growing human pressure on the hilly terrain of the Meghalaya Plateau. The measured values of caesium inventory for all sampling points are between 2% and 63% of the reference value of caesium inventory. The estimated annual soil loss for sampling points located on the slope are between 29 and 79 Mg·ha−1·yr−1 in the case of an improved mass balance model. It means that soil erosion in this manually tilled agricultural area cannot be neglected.
- Census of India, 2001. New Delhi: 138 pp.
- Collins, A.L., Walling, D.E., Sichingabula, H.M., Leeks, G.J.L. (2001) Using 137Cs measurements to quantify soil erosion and redistribution rates for areas under different land use in the Upper Kaleya River basin, southern Zambia. Geoderma 104: pp. 299-323 CrossRef
- Dupin, B., Rouwb, A., Phantahvong, K.B., Valentin, C. (2009) Assessment of tillage erosion rates on steep slopes in northern Laos. Soil & Tillage Research 103: pp. 119-126 CrossRef
- El-Swaify, S.A. (1997) Factors affecting soil erosion hazards and conservation needs for tropical steeplands. Soil Technology 11: pp. 3-16 CrossRef
- Forsyth, T.J. (1994) The use of caesium-137 measurements of soil erosion and farmers perception to indicate land degradation amongst shifting cultivators in northern Thailand. Mountain Research and Development 14: pp. 229-244 CrossRef
- Froehlich W, 2004. Soil erosion, suspended sediment sources and deposition in the Maw-Ki-Syiem drainage basin, Cherrapunji, northeastern India. In: Golosov V, Belyaev V and Walling DE, eds, Sediment Transfer Through The Fluvial System, IAHS Publication, 288: 138–146.
- Kimaro, D.N., Deckert, J.A., Poesen, J., Kilasarad, M., Msanya, B.M. (2005) Short and medium term assessment of tillage erosion in the Uluguru Mountains, Tanzania. Soil & Tillage Research 81: pp. 97-108 CrossRef
- Lu, X.X., Higgitt, D.L. (2000) Estimating erosion rates on sloping agricultural land in the Yangtze Three Gorges, China, from caesium-137 measurements. Catena 39: pp. 33-51 CrossRef
- Mishra, B.K., Ramakrishnan, P.S. (1983) Slash and burn agriculture at higher elevations in north-eastern India. I. Sediment, water and nutrient losses. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 9: pp. 69-82 CrossRef
- Murata, F., Hayashi, T., Matsumoto, J., Asada, H. (2007) Rainfall on the Meghalaya plateau in northeastern India — one of the rainiest places in the world. Natural Hazards 42: pp. 391-399 CrossRef
- Nagle, G.N., Lassoie, J.P., Fahey, T.J., McIntyre, S.C. (2000) The use of caesium-137 to estimate agricultural erosion on steep slopes in a tropical watershed. Hydrological Processes 14: pp. 957-969 CrossRef
- Neergaard, A., Magid, J., Mertz, O. (2008) Soil erosion from shifting cultivation and other smallholder land use in Sarawak, Malaysia. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 125: pp. 182-190 CrossRef
- Prokop, P. (2005) Natural hazards and anthropogenic impact on environment in a tropical mountain catchment, Meghalaya Hills, India. Studia Geomorphologica Carpatho-Balcanica 39: pp. 95-113
- Prokop, P., Walanus, A. (2003) Trend and periodicity in the longest instrumental rainfall series for the area of most extreme rainfall in the world, northeast India. Geographia Polonica 76: pp. 25-35
- Poreba, G. (2006) Caesium-137 as a soil erosion tracer: a review. Geochronometria 25: pp. 37-46
- Poręba, G., Bluszcz, A. (2007) Determination of the initial 137Cs fallout on the areas contaminated by Chernobyl fallout. Geochronometria 26: pp. 35-38 CrossRef
- Poręba, G., Bluszcz, A. (2008) Influence of the parameters of models used to calculate soil erosion based on 137Cs tracer. Geochronometria 32: pp. 21-27 CrossRef
- Ramakrishnan, P.S. (1992) Shifting Agriculture and Sustainable Development: An Interdisciplinary Study from North-Eastern India. UNESCO-MAB Series. Parthenon Publications, Paris
- Ritchie, J., McHenry, J. (1990) Application of radioactive fallout caesium-137 for measuring soil erosion and sediment accumulation rates and patterns: a review. Journal of Environmental Quality 19: pp. 215-233 CrossRef
- Sarmiento, J., Gwinn, E. (1986) Strontium 90 fallout prediction. Journal of Geophysical Research 91: pp. 7631-4646 CrossRef
- Singh G, Babu R and Chandra S, 1981. Soil Loss Predictions in India, CS&WCRTI, Bulletin No 12/D9, Dehra Dun India: 70 pp.
- Singh, R.S. (2005) Soil Series of Meghalaya. NBSS&LUP, Nagpur
- Soja, R., Starkel, L. (2007) Extreme rainfalls in Eastern Himalaya and southern slope of Meghalaya Plateau and their geomorphologic impacts. Geomorphology 84: pp. 170-180 CrossRef
- Starkel L and Singh S, eds., 2004. Rainfall, runoff and soil erosion in the globally extreme humid area, Cherrapunji region, India. Prace Geograficzne 191: 110 pp.
- Tiwari B K, 2003, Innovations in shifting cultivation and land use and cover change in higher elevations of Meghalaya, India. In: Ramakrishnan PS, Saxena KG, Patnaik S and Singh S, eds, Methodological issues in mountain research. A socio-ecological system approach observations, UNESCO, MAB, ICIMOD, NEHU, New Delhi, Oxford and IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd.: 163–175.
- Walling, D.E., He, Q. (1999) Improved models for estimating soil erosion rates from caesium-137 measurements. Journal of Environmental Quality 28: pp. 611-622 CrossRef
- Zapata, F. (2003) The use of environmental radionuclides as tracers in soil erosion and sedimentation investigations: recent advances and future developments. Soil & Tillage Research 69: pp. 3-13 CrossRef
- Zhang, J.H., Lobb, D.A., Li, Y., Liu, G.C. (2004) Assessment of tillage translocation and tillage erosion by hoeing on the steep land in hilly areas of Sichuan, China. Soil and Tillage Research 75: pp. 99-107 CrossRef
- Estimation of soil erosion on cultivated fields on the hilly Meghalaya Plateau, North-East India
Volume 38, Issue 1 , pp 77-84
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- SP Versita
- Additional Links
- Soil erosion
- mathematical models
- Meghalaya Plateau
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Radioisotopes (GADAM Centre of Excellence), Institute of Physics, Silesian University of Technology, Krzywoustego 2, 44-100, Gliwice, Poland
- 2. Department of Geomorphology and Hydrology, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, Polish Academy of Sciences, Jana 22, 31-018, Krakow, Poland