, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 273-282

Dose-response association between physical activity and metabolic syndrome

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Abstract

Aim

Study was aimed to examine the association between the level of physical activity and metabolic syndrome and it’s components in Lithuanian urban population.

Methods

Data from the survey of the HAPIEE (Health, Alcohol, and Psychosocial factors In Eastern Europe) study were presented. A random sample of 7115 individuals aged 45–72 years was screened in 2006–2008. Physical activity was assessed in hours of physically demanding activities and sports in a typical week. The diagnostic criteria for the metabolic syndrome were determined by National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel report.

Results

Prevalence of the metabolic syndrome was 27.2% in men and 34.2 in women. In the highest physical activity level prevalence of the metabolic syndrome decreased from 33.3% to 24.5% in men and from 38.6% to 32.9% in women as compared to the lowest physical activity level (p<0.01). The multivariable adjusted odds ratios for the metabolic syndrome in the 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th physical activity quartiles were 1.00, 0.68, 0.69, 0.51 in men (p<0.0001) and 1.00, 0.76, 0.78, 0.75 in women (p=0.001).

Conclusions

Physical activity has a significant protective role on metabolic disorders. Adequate leisure-time physical activity is an important nonpharmacological and low-cost alternative in preventing the metabolic syndrome.