, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 22-29
Date: 01 Sep 2012

Risk factors for cervical cancer among young women

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Abstract

Background

The aim of this study was to assess the risk factors for cervical cancer and the occurrence of particular types of HPV among young women in the Polish population.

Material and methods

Ninety-two women aged from 15 to 23 years old were involved in the study. Women were subjected to gynecological examination after completing the survey for the presence of risk factors for cervical cancer. Swabs for cytology, vaginal biocenosis evaluation and HPV DNA determination were collected.

Results

56.52% of population were infected with HPV, of which 40.4% by the oncogenic types. 22.8% of women were infected by more than one type of virus. The most common HPV type is 51, 16 and 31, as well as 52, 53 and 18. An isolated risk factor for HPV infection and thus cervical cancer in young women, statistically significant, was a high number of sexual partners. The other identified risk factors were: age of sexual initiation (16 years or less), ASCUS or LSIL cervical cytology, or bacterial infection present in the reproductive tract.

Conclusions

The most important risk factors for cervical cancer among young Polish women are HPV infection, early sexual initiation and a large number of sexual partners.