, Volume 6, Issue 6, pp 701-709
Date: 27 Aug 2011

Predictive model of repeat induced abortion in Hungary

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Abstract

Background

Contraceptive and sociodemographic risks of repeat induced abortion have not yet been interpreted in Central Eastern Europe.

Methods

A consecutive series of women requesting initial (n=647) or repeat (n=553) artificial abortion were surveyed by means of a questionnaire at a Hungarian university teaching hospital in Szeged, in 2005 and 2006. Self-reported demographic characteristics, attitudes and habits regarding contraceptives were assessed as potential correlates of repeat induced abortion in multivariate logistic regression.

Results

Reliable contraceptive methods were applied slightly less frequently in case of repeat versus first abortion seekers (21.0% vs. 20.1%, P=0.72, [odds ratio (OR) = 1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.80–1.40]). Adjusted odds ratios (AORs) for undergoing repeat versus first abortion increased significantly with age (1.10, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.07–1.14), more children (AOR: 2.66, 95% CI: 1.57–4.50), secondary education compared to the tertiary level (AOR: 1.15, 95% CI: 1.08–1.30). A better knowledge of the fertile period of the menstrual cycle was present among women who had had previous abortion (AOR=2.05, 95% CI 1.37–3.05).

Conclusions

Attitude improvement towards modern contraception and promotion of knowledge of correct use of contraceptives among women with reproductive ages may lead to the prevention of recurrent abortion more effectively. EC: emergency contraceptive pill; NS: not significant